United Kingdom rental properties are primarily found in the major metropolitan areas of United Kingdom. Common rental types found in United Kingdom are apartments, studios, lofts, one bedrooms, two bedrooms, condos, houses for rent, mobile homes, hotel rooms, vacation rental, furnished rentals short term rentals. Regions and cities if United Kingdom where housing rentals are found are London, Northwest England, Scotland, Wales, Southwest England, Northeast England, All Cities, Northern Ireland, East Midlands, East England, Southeast England, West Midlands, Yorkshire. Vacation rentals, short term rentals and furnished housing are more common in the metropolitan areas of United Kingdom.
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The United Kingdom is commonly known as the UK or Britain, which is a sovereign state and is situated at the northwestern coast of continental Europe. It's an island country and also consists of many small islands and Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK with a land border. It's surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea. The Great Brittan is the largest island which is linked to France by the Channel Tunnel. It's a constitutional monarchy with a unitary state comprising of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. It's governed by a parliamentary system with London as its capital city. The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast; Cardiff is for Wales and Edinburgh for Scotland. There are fourteen territories in UK. The culture of British has been noticed still in the former colonies. Being a developed country, during the 19th and early 20th centuries it stands in the sixth largest position by nominal GDP and by purchasing power parity. It is the world's first industrialized country and also the world's number one powerful country, but due to the economic and social conditions of the two world wars which led to the fall of the empire in the middle of the 20th century made to lose its leading role in global affairs. The United Kingdom influences with a major power, strong economic, cultural, military, scientific and political conditions. It has been established as a nuclear weapons state and stands in the fourth highest spending for defense in the world. It is the member of the European Union, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and also the member of the Commonwealth of Nations, G8, G20, NATO, OECD and World Trade Organization.
Being a developed island country the UK comprises of four countries England, Northern Ireland and Scotland and Wales each of which preserve different cultures, customs and symbolisms. The influence of the British culture can be noticed by the English language and culture of a geographically wide assortment of countries such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, the United States and the British overseas territories which are collectively known as Anglosphere. The British culture can even be noticed in cuisines and also in the Humanism, Protestantism and representative democracy are borrowed from broader Western culture. There are major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, and transportation, and had a profound effect on the socio-economic and cultural conditions of the world brought by the origins of The Industrial Revolution in UK. The origin of modern game of football (soccer) is accepted to be from England. The Football Association has been organized and founded first in England in 1863 and the first match was played between England and Scotland played at Glasglow. In Brittan Rugby and Cricket has a long popularity. The coarse fishing has been enjoyed all over the year in Northern Ireland which has been noticed as one of Europe's best regions for the coarse angler. Visitors from all over the world agree that, St Andrews is Scotland's excellent town which has golf courses, ancient University and award-winning beaches.
In United Kingdom education system differs from state to state. Education is mandatory from five years to sixteen years (15 if born in late July or August). Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families and the Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills are taken up the responsibility of the education system in England. The common and aided schools are responsible for the local Authorities (previously named Local Education Authorities). In 1870 and in 1900 The Universal state education in England and Wales introduced primary level. Most of the children have been getting educated in state-sector schools but only few of them are getting qualified depending on their academic ability. Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study rated the pupils of England seventh position for Maths and sixth position for Science in the world. In 1849, Queen's University, Belfast, built in 1849 and it is one of the oldest higher education institutions in the United Kingdom. The Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning is responsible for the education system in Scotland. The common and the state schools are responsibilities of Local Authorities. In Scottish education, there are two non-departmental public bodies which have a vital role to play. The Scottish Qualifications Authority is responsible for the development, accreditation, assessment and certification of qualifications. The other educational centers like Learning and Teaching Scotland provide advices, resources and staff development to the educational department to improve a curriculum development and create a culture of innovation, ambition and excellence. Scottish education system made a compulsion for education in 1496. The percentage of the children who are interested in attending the schools is only 4% but it has been rising gradually in the recent years. Minister of Education and the Minister for Employment and Learning are responsible for the education system of Northern Ireland. The 'Council for the Curriculum, Examinations & Assessmentis the body responsible for advising the government what should be taught in Northern Ireland's schools, monitoring standards and awarding qualifications. The responsibility of Whales education system has been taken by the National Assembly for Wales. Only some important numbers of Welsh students are allowed to learn wholly or largely in the Welsh language and it is mandatory until the age of 16.
The Kingdom of Great Britain has been created by the political union of the Kingdom of England, Whales and Scotland and the event was the result of Treaty of Union which was agreed in 1706 on 22 July and then approval by both Parliament of England and Scotland by passing an act of union in 1707. By passing of the act of union in 1800 a century later, Kingdom of Ireland has been merged with the Kingdom of Great Britain to form the United Kingdom. The court of England has been moved from Edinburgh to London after the enthronement of the James VI King of Scots in 1603. The United Kingdom played an important role in the progression of the Western ideas of the parliamentary system and even making the significant contributions to literature, art and science. In 19th century the UK has been emerged as the economic power after the defeat of Napoleon in the Napoleonic Wars and London being the largest city in the world from 1831 to 1925. The expansion of the British Empire to its maximum size in 1921 and gaining the League of Nations became mandate over the former German and Ottoman colonies after World War I. After a year the British Broadcasting Company has been created and gradually became the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and went on to become the first large-scale international broadcasting network. In 1921, there were disputes within Ireland regarding the Irish Home Rule which led to the segregation of the island in 1921. During the 1918 general elections victory for Sinn Féin was followed by a war of independence in Ireland led to Dominion status for the Irish Free State in 1922 with Northern Ireland opting to be part of the UK. The result of this in 1927 led to the formal name of the UK to be changed to its current name, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom was one of the three main Allies of World War II. Following the defeat of its European allies in the first year of the war, the United Kingdom continued the fight against Germany in the initial campaign known as the Battle of Britain. The result of the World War II made the United Kingdom financially weak but however Marshall Aid and the huge loans has been taken from the United States and Canada helped the UK to get back to its original position. Modifications in government policy also brought the people from all over the Commonwealth to create a multiethnic Britain. The international spread of the English language meant the continuing influence of its literature and culture. In 1980s there was a large flow of North Sea oil revenues and economic growth. The premiership of Margaret Thatcher made the vital modifications in the directions from the post-war political and economic consensus. With the signing of the Maastricht Treaty UK became one of the 12 founding members of the European Union. At the end of the 20th century major changes has been recognized in the UK government with the establishment of devolved national administrations for Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales following pre-legislative referenda.
The United Kingdom is one of the top tourist destinations in the world.
Stonehenge is possibly one of the UK's most famous and mysterious landmarks Initially there was a thought that, there was no means of transport which would lift the Stonehenge which is about 25-50 tons but in Neolithic period it was elevated at Salisbury Plain which was built over a period of 650 years. There were different presumptions about this Stonehenge, that there was some supernatural power behind the construction and the claims have argued that it could actually have been carried out by hand using principles of leverage technology. There were some different theories about the function of the Stonehenge which ranges from Druidic place of worship and sacrifice; an observatory; a burial ground; an extraterrestrial landing site. Regardless of religious belief, anybody who has witnessed York Minster firsthand can't help but be bowled over by its sheer magnificence. The York Minister church has been situated in the ancient walled city of York where the building has been repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt and somewhere around 1230 and reached to its completion in 1472. The stonemasons and workers at the initial stages were careless to complete the work. The plan view of York Minister disclose that, lot Of churches have been built in the cruciform which constitutes of a nave, a chapter house, a transept, an east wing, a crypt, and three towers. It's being host to some of the most spectacular stained-glass windows in the whole of the UK. At the york minister there have been a number of fires all over its life which erasing of various sections, when the roof of the transverse part of the church has been destroyed by a bolt of lighting which has taken place after three days of the consecration of the new Bishop of Durham, Dr. David Jenkins. Later on he had to reported to the press that the resurrection was a 'conjuring trick with bones', which led to the charges of harbouring heretical views. Portmeirion is perhaps the strangest village you'll come across in the United Kingdom, aesthetically-wise at least: Portmeirion is a small village which is in real a big hotel which has buildings used has hotel rooms or vacation cottages and provides the services such as shops, restaurants, cafes etc. It's a small resort situated on the west coast of Wales and beautiful in appearance and the design has been based on the Italian town of Portofino by its designer, Sir Clough Williams-Ellis. The color and architecture of the building is quite different from any thing else in the United Kingdom. The popular television series, The Prisoner has been filmed in this building only. So, the village of Portmeirion is one of Wales's biggest tourist attractions which is open to the public every day with some charge upon the admission. Home to the Royal Shakespeare Company, Stratford-upon-Avon has long been a favourite tourist attraction of those living in and outside of the United Kingdom. The Shakespeare Company is situated on the river of Avion, which is a busy market Place and it became so popular because of its connection with the poet himself, William Shakespeare. It's impossible for everyone who walks through this street a few yards in Stratford without thinking of this great legend or of his most distinguished son, the house of his birth, the house in which he died, associated museums, as well as streets that still exist to this day along which Shakespeare once stepped into his thoughtful Sonnet. But it's not that just the town has to be remembered for the great legend but also it has a beautiful medieval splendor with the river banks particularly during the summer months. Bath is home to the only hot springs in the UK. In 4AD the original Bathhouse was built following the Roman occupation of Britain. The Great Bath remains as the sacred spring and has been well preserved and originally worshipped by the Celts, and the Roman Temple. All these are found below the street level and being dugged and restored back throughout the course of history. Beside this, there is also which is home to an extensive collection of Roman artifacts found in and about the surrounding area. Bath was once a busy town which has a lot of things to view but Unfortunately, the water that flows through the Roman baths is no longer open to the public because in 1979 a girl died by swallowing some of the water after five days due to the infectious diseases which is spreading through this water. So people not to get disappointed, recently opened "Thermae Bath Spa" allows present -day visitors to experience the hot springs and thermal baths as the Romans might once have. Warwick castle is an imposing, yet beautifully rendered castle overlooking a bend on the River Avon: The Warwick Castle is located in the West Midlands which have been originated from the Norman conquest of England in 1066. William the Conqueror had built the castle in 1068 as a simple motte-and-bailey (a keep and an enclosed courtyard) to enforce his control over the Midlands. During 1154 and 1189 continuous work was carried on until eighteenth century to replace it by a stone castle to expand it to the splendorous structure that exists today. It has been also named has 'Britain's best castle' by the Good Britain Guide, playing host to numerous activities and events, including archery displays, ghost hunts, birds of prey shows, banquets, firework displays, social evenings and concerts. It is also home to a working Trebuchet ( War Engines) which is World's one of the largest siege engines and holds the record as the world's most powerful catapult which has the capacity of hurling up to 150kg of ballast at a time. Between the months of March and October the Trebuchet is fired twice a day. By the British Tourist Authority Warwick Castle is being treated has a major tourist attraction and placed in the top 10 of 'historic houses and monuments' Hampton court is famous for two things, its hedge maze and the reported sightings of numerous ghosts. Hampton court is a former royal palace which is located in southwest London. The King Henry VIII who is responsible for the rebuilt of this palace. In 1760 until the time of George III around 1525 it was the London home to the monarchy. The Queen Victoria exposed it to the public in 1838 after a long restoration. The palace which is world famous spread over on three acre ground and contains half a mile of paths. It is evaluated to have been planted somewhere between 1689 and 1695 for the indulgence of then monarch, William III of Orange. The Henry VIII who is the famous personality connected with Hampton Court's history. Majority of his family members are thought to be behind the story of haunting. Jane Seymour, Henry's third wife who died due to some complications of childbirth and said to haunt the palace and seen sometimes carrying a candle. Catherine Howard, the fifth wife who was beheaded for betrayal or disloyalty, pleaded and screamed for her husband upon hearing that she was about to be arrested and continued to do so even as they dragged her away from the palace with strange and frightening bloodcurdling screams. There are even reports of sightings of Henry VIII and another beheaded wife, Ann Boleyn, who has been witnessed with and sans head, and even with it tucked underneath her arm. There is also the 'grey lady', who thought to be the nurse to Henry VIII's children was haunting and even two ghostly soldiers and a young boy in seventeenth century dress and a young woman seen passing through crowds of tourist. The Tower of London has a long and often chequered history. It began life as a white tower erected by William the Conqueror to maintain a vicelike hold on the city of London and assert his authority as the new ruler of England. The white tower stands to this day and is the centrepiece to what over the course of history has become a heavily armoured fortress: Besides the White Tower there are other two towers, Tower of London which is instantly recognizable and the other is The Yeomen Warders, or Beefeaters which are commonly called Tower ravens. The Beefeaters are called the formal guardians who nowadays act as tour guides, while it is said that should the ravens ever leave the Tower of London or not the monarchy and the kingdom has been subsequently fallen down along with the White Tower. The wings of the bird are clipped to prevent the occurrence of calamity. Since 1303 The Tower of London has been home to the crown jewels but its not that only the sacramental ornaments of State has been kept there but also the Tower has been used for prisoners for their imprisonment specially the high profile criminals. So far 'Bloody Tower' includes Sir Walter Raleigh, Guy Fawkes, Rudolf Hess, the Krays, and assorted Kings and Queens. The Tower had a torture chamber which extracts the confessions and executions of the prisoners. There is a famous Traitors' Gate, through which the prisoners were brought to the Tower and that was the last glimpse for the prisoners to view the outside world. The Tower of London is also reported to be the most haunted building in England, with sightings of Ann Boleyn, once again with her head tucked underneath her arm; Henry VI; and Lady Jane Grey amongst others. The Tower was also being used as a place to study about the live animals until 1835 so there was a prediction of a spectral bear which has a ghostly appearance is said to frightened an unsuspecting guard to death in the nineteenth century. Edinburgh Castle stamps a majestic authority upon the capital city of Scotland, as it sits high on its perch atop Castle Rock, overlooking the city sweeping out beneath. The Archaeological evidence shows that the rock has been used as a stronghold for over 3000 years. At the place of this rock there has been the military building which is destructed and siege sparked by the deposition of Mary Queen of Scots from the Scottish throne. St. Margaret's Chapel which was built by the King David I at the beginning of the twelfth century which was the most surviving section of the castle. The Edinburgh Castle has a strong military history because the military troops has been stationed at this place from the time of King Charles II and also this place is used as a military prison from 1842 until 1923. So the primary function of this castle is to attract the tourist being Scotland's second most popular behind the Kelvingrove Art Gallery. The London Eye (originally called the millennium wheel) is an instantly recognisable landmark sitting on the South Bank of the River Thames. It is also currently the biggest Ferris wheel in Europe standing a proud 135 meters in height. It seems officially it has been opened up on New Year's Eve 1999, and became functional in March of 2000 and has gone to become the United Kingdom's most popular tourist attraction. The reason behind to built this was to celebrate the start of the new millennium, with the wheel representative of the turning of time. It takes to travel a full revolution about 30 minutes for the London Eye and on a clear day from its pinnacle it yields a view ranging 25 miles in all directions and as far as Windsor Castle. Its Hanging like a gigantic bicycle wheel in the sky, the London Eye is supported on the one side alone by a giant A-frame from which juts the spindle. It has the capacity of carrying 25 people at a time with its 32 pods so its capable of carrying 800 people at a time. 30 million people experienced the London Eye as of 2008
In England, the Highways Agency is the executive agency responsible for trunk roads and motorways besides privately owned and operated M6 Toll. The Transport Department of England states that traffic jamm is one of the most serious transport problems which is cropping up right now in England and it could cost an £22 billion by 2025 if it is neglected and it is also hampering the government's economy unless it could be solved by road pricing and expansion of the transport network.
The transport system of Scottland is the responsibility of the Scottish Government's Enterprise, Transport and Lifelong Learning Department with Transport Scotland being the Executive Agency that is accountable to the Cabinet Secretary for Finance and Sustainable Growth for Scotland's trunk roads and rail network.
The rail network of Scotland has 340 railway stations and 3,000 kilometers of track with over 62 million passenger journeys made each year. Considering these, the government of Scotland for the next 20years, set out some investment plans in which the foremost priority as been given to new Forth Road Bridge and electrification of the rail network. The iconic feature of the rail network is the Fourth Railway Bridge of Scotland. Across the UK, radial road network of 46,904 kilometres (29,145 mi) of main roads with a motorway network of 3,497 kilometres (2,173 mi). paved roads 213,750 kilometres (132,818 mi) In Great Britan the rail network of 16,116 km (10,072 miles) In Northern Ireland 303 route km (189 route mi) carries over 18,000 passenger trains and 1,000 freight trains daily. In London Urban rail networks are well developed. Once upon a time the the rail net work in UK was over 48,000 route km (30,000 route mi), however it has been reduced from 1955 to 1975 after a report by the Richard Beeching was a government advisor. There was some plans in consideration that by 2025 to built high speed lines.
The busiest airport of UK is the "London Heathrow Airport" which is situated 15 miles (24km) west of the capital which has the most international passenger traffic of any airport in the world. It is the center of the flag carrier of British Airways, as well as Virgin Atlantic, and BMI.
Queen Elizabeth II is Ruler of state of the UK as well as of fifteen other Commonwealth countries, getting the UK in a personal union with those other states. The Crown has sovereignty over the Crown Dependencies of the Isle of Man and the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey, which are not part of the United Kingdom .Though the UK government manages their foreign affairs and defence the UK Parliament has the authority to legislate on their behalf. The United Kingdom has an uncodified constitution, as do only two other countries in the world. The Constitution of the United Kingdom thus consists mostly of a collection of disparate written sources, including: statute Judge-made case law International treaties. As there is no technical difference between ordinary statutes and "constitutional law," the UK arliament can perform "constitutional reform" simply by passing Acts of Parliament .However the power to change or abolish almost any written or unwritten element of the constitution. no Parliament can pass laws that future Parliaments cannot change. The UK has a parliamentary government based on the Westminster system that has been emulated around the world?a legacy of the British Empire. The Parliament of the United Kingdom that meets in the Palace of Westminster has two houses: An elected House of Commons. An appointed House of Lords. And any Bill passed requires Royal Assent to become law. It is the ultimate legislative authority in the United Kingdom since the devolved parliament in Scotland and devolved assemblies in Northern Ireland, and Wales are not sovereign bodies and could be abolished by the UK parliament despite being established following public approval as expressed in referenda. The Palace of Westminster. The seat of the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The House of Lords and the House of Commons. The position of Prime Minister. The UK's head of government. above all belongs to the Member of Parliament who can obtain the confidence of a majority in the House of Commons, usually the current leader of the largest political party in that chamber.
The Prime Minister and Cabinet are formally appointed by the Monarch to form Her Majesty's Government, though the Prime Minister chooses the Cabinet, by convention HM The Queen respects the Prime Minister's choices. Procedure for the election of cabinet members and eligibility: The Cabinet is traditionally elected from members of the Prime Minister's party In both legislative houses, and mostly from the House of Commons. Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and Cabinet, all of whom are sworn into Her Majesty's Most Honorable Privy Council, and become Ministers of the Crown. Note: The Rt. Hon. Gordon Brown, leader of the Labour Party, has been Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service since 27 June 2007. For elections to the House of Commons, the UK is currently divided into 646 constituencies, with 529 in England, 18 in Northern Ireland, 59 in Scotland and 40 in Wales, though this number will rise to 650 at the 2010 general election. Each constituency elects one Member of Parliament by simple plurality. General elections are called by the Monarch (Queen Elizabeth II) when the Prime Minister so advises. Though there is no minimum term for a Parliament, the Parliament Act (1911) requires a new election to be called within five years of the previous general election.
The Labour Party The Conservative Party The Liberal Democrats Who won between them 616 out of the 646 seats available in the House of Commons at the 2005 general election? Most of the remaining seats were won by parties that only contest elections in one part of the UK such as the Scottish National Party (Scotland only), Plaid Cymru (Wales only), and the Democratic Unionist Party, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Ulster Unionist Party, and Sinn Féin (Northern Ireland only, though Sinn Féin also contests elections in Ireland). In accordance with party policy, no elected Sinn Féin Member of Parliament has ever attended the House of Commons to speak in the House on behalf of their constituents as Members of Parliament are required to take an oath of allegiance to the Monarch. During the elections in European Parliament, the UK currently has 72 MEPs, elected in 12 multi-member constituencies. Questions over sovereignty have been brought forward because of the UK's membership of the European Union.
According to nominal GDP the United Kingdom country rank was 7th in the world and 8th rank at PPP. In Europe United Kingdom nominal GDP rank was 3rd and 2nd at PPP. United Kingdom was initially industrialized in 18s. United Kingdom economy is global. United Kingdom economy is based on industries, agricultural, mining, services and tourism. London is main income city for United Kingdom. First industry in United Kingdom was textiles after developed shipbuilding, coal and Steel. Auto mobiles industry is main income for UK. Aero space industry is great aerospace in UK. The pharmaceuticals production is also main source for country economy. United Kingdom agricultural outputs are cereals, oil seeds, potatoes, cattle, poultry and fish. Countries other manufacturing out puts are machinery, electronics, transportation equipment, vehicles, communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food stuffs and clothing. Fuels, chemicals, food, and tobacco are main exports of UK and imported items are machinery, fuels and food products.
National parks of the United Kingdom are a devolved matter with each of the countries of the United Kingdom having its own policies and arrangements.
There are 15 of these managed areas of outstanding landscape where habitation And commercial activities are restricted: 10 in England 3 in Wales 2 in Scotland. There are currently no national parks in Northern Ireland though there are controversies in establishing one in the Mourne Mountains. There are, at present, no national parks in Northern Ireland and moves to establish a National park in the Mourne Mountains has proved to be controversial. If Established, it would stretch from Carlingford Lough to Newcastle and Slieve Croob, Creating a tourism boom and up to 2,000 jobs. On the other hand, there are fears that It could drive up house prices making it difficult for young, local couples to set up Home in the area. The national parks of England and Wales are of undeveloped and scenic Landscape that is chosen under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.
National parks in England and Wales are quite different from national parks in many other countries, which are usually owned and managed by the government as a protected community resource. Which do not usually include permanent human communities. In England and Wales, designation as a national park may include substantial settlements and human land uses which are often integral parts of the landscape, and land within a national park remains largely in personal possession.
There are currently 12 (soon to be thirteen) national parks., Welsh: parciau cenedlaetholin England and Wales. The South Downs National Park is in the process of being designated as a national park and will be established by 2011. Each park is operated by its own National Park Authority, with two "statutory purposes". To preserve and enhance the natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage of the land. To endorse opportunities for the indulgent and enjoyment of the park's special persona by the public. An anticipated 110 million people trip the national parks of England and Wales each year. Recreation and tourism bring visitors and funds into the parks, to maintain their preservation efforts and support the population through Jobs and Businesses. These visitors also bring problems, such as attrition and traffic Congestion, and conflicts over the use of the parks' resources. Access to cultivate land is restricted to bridleways, public footpaths, and permissive paths, with most (but not all) uncultivated areas in England and Wales having right of access for on foot under the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000. National parks of Scotland are managed areas of outstanding landscape where tenancy and commercial activities are restricted. At present, Scotland has two national parks: Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park, created in 2002, The Cairngorms National Park, created in 2003. It was a Scot, John Muir, who had initiated one of the first national parks in the world, at Yosemite in the United States These were designated as such under the National Parks (Scotland) Act 2000 which was an early piece of legislation passed by the Scottish Parliament not long after its creation in 1999.. In June 2005, the Scottish Executive announced their objective to create Scotland's first coastal and marine national park. Five locations were being measured place as follows: - Solway Firth - Argyll Islands and Coast - Ardnamurchan, Small Isles and South Skye Coast - North Skye Coast and Wester Ross