Switzerland rental properties are primarily found in the major metropolitan areas of Switzerland. Common rental types found in Switzerland are apartments, studios, lofts, one bedrooms, two bedrooms, condos, houses for rent, mobile homes, hotel rooms, vacation rental, furnished rentals short term rentals. Regions and cities if Switzerland where housing rentals are found are Appenzell Outer-hoden, Appenzell Innerr-hoden, All Cities, Aargau, Basel-Stadt, Basel-Landschaft, Bern, Fribourg, Geneva, Glarus, Graubunden, Jura, Lucerne, Neuchatel, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, St. Gallen, Thurgau, Ticino, Uri, Valais, Vaud, Zug, Zurich. Vacation rentals, short term rentals and furnished housing are more common in the metropolitan areas of Switzerland.
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During the 16th to 19th centuries, the English name Switzerland came from the combination of the compounds Switzer and the archaic word Swiss. According to French Suisse, the English adjective Swiss is loan. Switzerland is Located in Western Europe. It shares border with Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. It is surrounded with land and in nature separated involving the Central Plateau, the Jura and the Alps. The national republic, Swiss union consists of 26 cantons, with Bern as the bench of the national authorities. Switzerland is considered as one of the richest countries in the world. Switzerland is the world's major account balances as a profit of GDP. Zurich and Geneva, the big cities in Switzerland are also considered as rich cities in the world. It is estimated by world economic forum that Switzerland is world's most competitive country in 2010. Switzerland has nominal per capita GDP of $67,384. The World Economic Forum, the International Olympic Committee, the Red Cross, the World Trade Organization, FIFA, and the second largest UN office are some of the groups that reside in Switzerland. Switzerland is a part of the Schengen Agreement. It is organizer of the European Free Trade Association. Switzerland has three main linguistic and cultural regions. They are German, French and Italian. The common ethnic or linguistic uniqueness in Swiss does not make it a nation. In Switzerland, people show straight democracy, impartiality, federalism and Alpine symbolism.sc
Switzerland is world wide famous for arts. There is diversity in culture. Ample of traditional customs can be seen in Switzerland. The Zurich area has amazing prosperity of recreational activities. In Switzerland many events like concerts, galleries, trade fairs takes place. Switzerland has 2000 year old museum. Swiss viniculture is held annually. Prosperity of information about Swiss tradition is presented in the vintner festival. Swiss wrestling known as Hornussen and folk festivals are exceptionally accepted. A Street parade is organized in august every year. A huge party is held near Lake Zurich with more than a million dance lovers. Switzerland is the perfect place for everyone. Swiss people have stronghold in culture. Swiss National Museum displays Swiss culture and history. One of the most celebrated festivals is Knabenschiessen. It is held in Zurich every September. Events like archery and other shooting events are well participated by teenagers. The International Olympic Committee has set up its head quarters in Lausanne, the western Swiss city. It also has significant Olympic museum. It also conducts field contest and the Lausanne Marathon.
Different Education system is followed in Switzerland. Primary schooling is mandatory and is provided for no cost in the public schools. Six years of age is the minimum age for getting admission in primary school in all cantons except for Obwalden. Five years and three months is the minimum age to enter primary schooling in Obwalden. Only 20% of the students continue their secondary schooling. Matura is attained by every student, once they complete 12 school years. Matura permits the entry in all universities. There are more than two school types depending on the cantons. Nine years of school education is compulsory. The division of academic and vocational training is known as dual system. In 1460, the first medical university in Basel was initiated. Extensive medical and chemical research is done in this university. Overall there are 12 universities in Switzerland. Out of which two are national institutes of technology. ETHZ in Zurich and EPFL in Lausanne are managed by the federal state. The other 10 universities are administrated by cantons. For higher education, seven regional associations are available. Course like Applied Sciences needs vocational study and a special Berufsmatura. According to world rating, Switzerland ranks second for tertiary education of foreign students. Many Switzerland scientists are honoured with Nobel prizes. Some of them are Rolf Zinkernagel, Kurt Wuthrich, Richard Ernst, Edmond Fischer, Vladimir Prelog and Heinrich Rohrer. Switzerland has won nearly 113 Nobel Prizes. In Switzerland, Nobel Peace Price was won 9 times by an association. Empa and Paul Scherrer are two research centers, which belong to the ETH domain. In Switzerland, a 15-year-old student has average score of 57 countries according to the science literacy review of PISA.
By the end of the 13th century, the creation of new Switzerland was defensive association. The structure was moved by union of states which lasted for centuries. Switzerland's history is medieval self-protector union created in an area deficient majestic authority. The geographical site of Switzerland with its passage path over the Alps made it an enviable ownership for European to control for ages. It developed gradually for many centuries and more areas joined to shape the union, who supported each other. Dissimilar interests prolonged the tie between the unions. Further in 1848 Switzerland developed as a centralized federal state. Then the economic growth increased gradually and the unions became strong. About 150,000 years back, the presence of human being was traced in Switzerland. Nearly 100,000 years old flint tools were found. 60,000 years ago in Cotencher, Canton Neuchatel flint tools were found in a cave. The flint tools were placed in cave by Neandertal hunters. In the 6th millennium BC, farming came to central Europe through Mediterranean region. Metal and bronze originates from Switzerland. Around 3800 BC metal in the form of copper and bronze a hard and strong alloy of copper was made. After 1500 years tin was made. Nearly around 800 BC, the Iron Age started. Tin was exported from Switzerland. From 400 to 1000 was the period of roman rule called Dark Age or early Middle Age. Tribal people travelled from Asia in first couple of centuries from east to west. Lifestyle in Switzerland was different, as it has various people living. Variety of languages can be seen in Switzerland. In Roman period, Christianity spread widely. The influence and construction of landholdings by capturing, heritage and marriage of noble families was gradually increasing. Frankish king Charlemagne in 800 had the power over Western Europe. He was titled as Emperor of the west in 800. Kings, dukes and the church struggled now and then for command and to protect their rights. The Holy Roman Empire came into existence in 962 as German king Otto I convinced the Pope to crown him Emperor. The establishment of Swiss Confederation was done in the year 1291, the union of three rural organizations to guard their liberty against illegal powers. By the end of 14th and 15th centuries, Confederation was well-built. The group gathered awesome status for their talent and bravery. Zurich, Bern and Lucerne called the assembly in this period. In 16th century confusion was created in Western Europe as association to change Roman Catholic Church split western Christendom into two conflicting parties to discard the power of the pope. To object, the actions like Anabaptists took place.
Switzerland is mainly admired sightseer country. In Switzerland there are many popular tourist destinations. Some of the popular places are Interlaken, Geneva, Zurich, Lucerne, and Zermatt. Switzerland Tourism Department is also dynamic in the region of encouraging tour and sightseeing in the country. Rhine River lies in summit of Switzerland and there Switzerland, France and Germany meets. In medieval times, it was called as centre for fabric-dye production. Basel has several international pharmaceutical companies. Some of the popular tourist spots in Basel are number of museums, Munster, University of Switzerland, and Three Kings on the Rhine, Market Square, and Three Country Corner. Bern was the early captain of Switzerland. It is called as Berne by French speaking people. In 1405, fire broke out and whole city was restored later. It was declared as world heritage site by U.N as it has 15th century architecture. Brig is a beautiful place to visit. Chur is the capital city of canton of Graubunden. It is one of the oldest cities. Archaeological museum in the old town is very popular. Beautiful mountains and valleys are main tourist spots. The well-known ski resorts of St. Moritz, Arosa and Davos are sight catchers. Fribourg is only one Swiss place where German and French languages and tradition unite together. Fribourg is built on hill. Grindelwald town presents horse sleigh rides and skiing. It has glaciers, Oberglestscher is the best. In eastern Switzerland Heidi Area is located. Ski lodges, cabins and horse-drawn sledge ride are famous here. Neuchatel is radiant city as there are yellow sandstone buildings, when the sun rays fall on the buildings the sandstone buildings glow. It is located on the biggest lake and at the foot of Jura Mountains. The city is well known for its excellent universities. It is also famous for Swiss clocks and watches. St. Gallen has the world famous Abbey Library with an outstanding compilation of medieval manuscripts. Thun has major military training camps. Lakeshore endow with fantastic views. Valais area is full of Alpine sceneries for theoretical view. Winterthur is famed for its artwork. Fine arts Museums and Kyburg Castle are worth watching.
The world's most constant and secure economy is of Switzerland. The political strength and the financial safety make Switzerland secured. This raised a balanced wave of foreign investment. For living in Switzerland, trade and industry are the means of money-making. Agriculture also known as Landwritschaft is the major segment. Employment in Switzerland is not more than 10%. Government supports agriculture segment. Some of the export products from Switzerland are textile material, watches, machinery. Bearing Heavy Swiss Franc made low exporting the goods. Switzerland is not in the group of European Union. Banking is one of the important sectors. The maximum input of the overseas trade to the gross inland product is from Switzerland. The "industrialized countries" are the prominent trade associates. One of the world's most wealthy and highly developed nations is Switzerland. Per capita income and wages are highest in Switzerland. Except for agriculture and traditional fiscal policy Switzerland has moderate investment and trade strategies. The Switzerland has hi-tech legal system and is well developed. One of the world's finest currencies is Swiss franc. Switzerland is a part of World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Bank, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and many other international organizations.
Zurich has the major international airport. The rail station at Zurich is named as Haubtbahnhof, central station. Rail service offers to drop the baggage at the destination place, if you are unwilling to carry the baggage. Travelling consumes lot of time, particularly in the mountain region. In south of Switzerland, highest mountains are situated. Tourist has to go through tunnels and passes. Using Car trains for travelling mountain region is best option. Travelling by car trains is little expensive. Swiss people mainly prefer rail transport to road transport. Brilliant expressways are built in Switzerland. The public transport used in Switzerland is of the standard quality. Trains, busses, ships and gondolas are easily available. 'Swiss Travel System' is the network of travelling. The important cities are connected by InterCity trains. Bus service plays a vital role in Switzerland. The bus service is offered by the Swiss post services 'Die Post'. Postcar name is created long time ago. In olden days, post was transported in the postcar. But now postcar carry passengers.
The land of the Alps in central Europe is Switzerland. On Italian border, it has tallest peak the Dufourspitze at 15,203 ft. Switzerland is full of mountainous plateau. It is bordered by Alps on the south and by Jura Mountain on the northwest. The principal inland waterway is the Rhine passable from Basel to the North Sea. 20% of the Alps are in Switzerland. About 100 peaks are shut to or more than 4000 meters (13125 feet) above sea level. Many mountain areas are urbanized. There are trains, cog railways, aerial cable cars and other means of transportation. Swiss mountains are popular for climbing, skiing, snowboarding, biking, hiking and other recreational activities. Many lakes are there in Switzerland, from the big Lake Geneva to hundreds of small little lakes in the mountains. There are also many dammed-up lakes, mainly to drive water turbines of power plants. Switzerland is popular for its alpine passes. Ever since people move around, these passes are important pathways between the northern and the southern part of Europe.
The Swiss National Park is the largest park in Switzerland with Size: 174. 2 km², it is approximately 0.42% of the area of Switzerland. It is situated in the east of Switzerland in the Canton of Graubunden. It is located in between Zernez, S-chanf, Scuol and the Fuorn Pass in the Engadin valley on the border with Italy. The park was established on August 1st 1914. It is a national holiday in Switzerland. The aim of Swiss National Park is to protect the nature by all means. Unequaled alpine scenery, re-introduced bearded vulture, golden eagle, capricorn, chamois, stag, marmots, alpine forests and flowers are some of the main attractions of this National Park. Espace Pierre-de-Coubertin, Vidy parc et plage in Lausanne, Ile Rousseau, Parc de Beaulieu et Serres de la Ville de Geneve, Parc des Franchises, Promenade de la Treille, and Promenade des Bastions in Geneva are some of the National Parks in Switzerland.
The government of Switzerland is the structure of multi-party national parliamentary independent republic. The chief of the government is national commission of Switzerland. The government implements the supervision controls. Federal administration has no controlling powers. The government and the two chambers of the federal assembly hold the decision making power in Switzerland. The bench is free of executive and the legislature. Switzerland nearly has straight democracy. Yearly elections are held by legislature for the post of the president. The election for national ruling body is held every four years. The main executive body has seven members in it. The bicameral legislature, or national legislative body, has 46-seat Council of States, among them two members are from each canton and one from each half canton, and the 200-seat National Council, whose members are generally nominated. The famous scheme to accomplish the political transform is to take up the ballot question in Switzerland. 20 cantons and 6 half cantons stay independent. Cantonal organization is usually different. An annual open-air gathering of electorate legislates in Glarus, Appenzell and Unterwalden is known as Landsgemeinden. Parliamentary chamber and the selected assembly are general.