Mongolia rental properties are primarily found in the major metropolitan areas of Mongolia. Common rental types found in Mongolia are apartments, studios, lofts, one bedrooms, two bedrooms, condos, houses for rent, mobile homes, hotel rooms, vacation rental, furnished rentals short term rentals. Regions and cities if Mongolia where housing rentals are found are Bayan-Olgii, Bulgan, Darkhan-Uul, Dornod, Dornogovi, Dundgovi, Govi-Altai, Govisumber, Khentii, Khovd, Khovsgol, Omnogovi, Orkhon, Ovorkhangai, Selenge, Sukhbaatar, Tov, Ulaanbaatar, Uvs, Zavkhan, All Cities, Arkhangai, Bayankhongor. Vacation rentals, short term rentals and furnished housing are more common in the metropolitan areas of Mongolia.
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In East and Central Asia Mongolia is located, surrounded by lands. Mongolia shares a border with People's Republic of China in the south, east and west and Russia in the north. Kazakhstan's western-most point is just 38 kilometers (24 mi) from Kazakhstan's eastern tip and does not share a border with Mongolia. The biggest city in Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar. It is also the capital city with 38% of the population. Mongolia has parliamentary republic political system. The Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Rouran, the Gokturks and different nomadic empires ruled Mongolia. The establishment of Mongol Empire in 1206 was done by Genghis Khan. The Mongols came back to their previous model of steady inner variance and sporadic invasion on the Chinese borderlands, after the end of the Yuan Dynasty. Mongolia appeared in the power of Tibetan Buddhism in the 16th and 17th centuries. Mongolia integrated in the area lined by the Qing Dynasty. , Mongolia declared independence in 1911, after the end of Qing Dynasty. Although Mongolia had to struggle till 1921 to decisively launch de facto freedom from the Republic of China. It took nearly 24 years for Mongolia to develop and get global acknowledgment. The effect on Mongolia was in pressure of Russian and Soviet.Mongolian People's Republic was declared, and the Mongolian politics initiated to pursue the equivalent model as the Soviet politics of the time. In the beginning of 1990 Mongolia axiom its own Democratic Revolution after the communist regimes crashed in Eastern Europe in late 1989. This directed to a multi-party system, a fresh constitution in 1992, and evolution to a market economy. Mongolia has an area of 1,564,116 square kilometers (603,909 sq mi) with population around 2.9 million. Mongolia is the 19th largest and the most lightly populated self-governing country in the world. After Kazakhstan, Mongolia ranks as the world's second-largest landlocked country. Most of the Mongolia's land is enclosed with plains and mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south. Around 30% of the inhabitants are nomadic or semi-nomadic. Tibetan Buddhism is the chief religion in Mongolia. The most of the state's citizens are of the Mongol ethnicity, though Kazakhs, Tuvans, and other minorities also exist in the country.
The major festival celebrated from centuries in Mongolia is Naadam. It has three Mongolian traditional sports. They are archery, horse-racing and wrestling. Naadam is celebrated on July 11 to 13. To observe the anniversary of the National Democratic Revolution and foundation of the Great Mongol State, Naadam festival is celebrated on July 11 to July 13. Shagaa is the "flicking" of sheep ankle bones at an aim some feet away, by a flicking motion of the finger to send the small bone flying at goal and tiresome to blow the target bones off the platform is a famous activity. This shagaa is well accepted by older Mongolians. khoomei or throat singing is very famous in Mongolia is a style of music in Western Mongolia. The complicated sign in the leftmost slab of the national flag is a Buddhist icon called Soyombo. According to regular cosmological symbology, the Soyombo signify the sun, moon, stars, and heavens customary thangka paintings. Bokhiin Orgoo, is the foremost stadium of the Mongolian wrestling in Ulaanbaatar. Horse riding is particularly central to Mongolian culture. The long-distance races that are showcased during Naadam festivals are one feature of this, as is the attractiveness of trick riding. One pattern of trick riding is the fable that the Mongolian military hero Damdin Sukhbaatar dotted coins on the ground and then picked them up while riding a horse at full gallop. Other sports like table tennis, basketball, and soccer are gradually getting more accepted. Many Mongolian table tennis players are challenging worldwide. In Mongolia Wrestling is considered as main attraction. Wrestling is the highlight of the Naadam Festival. Mongol-style wrestling was initiated seven thousand years ago. National wrestling competition is organized in the Mongolia. The victors are privileged with ancient titles. The winner of the fifth round gets the honorary title of nachin (falcon), of the seventh and eighth rounds zaan (elephant), and of the tenth and eleventh rounds arslan (lion). The wrestler who becomes the absolute champion is awarded the title of avarga (Titan). Every subsequent victory at the national Naadam-festival will add a nickname to the avarga title, like "Invincible Titan to be remembered by all". The Mongolian parliament implemented a fresh act to improve wrestling titles in early 2003. Two new titles were included, iarudi and Khartsaga (Hawk). Mongolia's traditional wrestlers have alteration to Japanese sumo wrestling with a great sensation. The first Mongolian to be endorsed to the top sumo rank of yokozuna in the year 2003 was Asashoryu Akinori. Naidangiin Tuvshinbayar was the first Mongolian to win Olympic gold medal in the men's 100-kilogram class of judo. The Football Mongolia Premier League is the top domestic competition. The music in Mongolia has strong inclination by nature, nomadism, shamanism, and Tibetan Buddhism. The traditional music has a range of instruments, in particular the morin khuur, and also the singing styles like the urtyn duu ("long song"), and throat-singing (khoomei). The "tsam" is dance to keep away evil spirits and it was seen the memories of shamaning. Their Beatles-like manner was severely condemned by the Communist censorship. It was followed by Mungunhurhree, Ineemseglel, Urgoo, etc., carving out the path for the genre in the harsh environment of Communist ideology. Mungunhurhree and Haranga were to become the pioneers in the Mongolia's heavy rock music. Haranga approached its zenith in the late 1980s and 1990s. In the 1960s Soyol Erdene the first rock band of Mongolia was established. Their Beatles-like manner was severely condemned by the socialist restriction. It was pursued by Mungunhurhree, Ineemseglel, Urgoo, etc., figurine out the trail for the field in the cruel surroundings of collectivist philosophy. Mungunhurhree and Haranga were to become the initiated in the Mongolia's heavy rock music. Haranga loom its summit in the late 1980s and 1990s.
Education in Mongolia chases the older Soviet model of nursery school, kindergarten, ten-year primary and secondary school, and then university. In the state socialist time, education played a vital role in Mongolia. Illiteracy was almost abolished, in part during the utilization of seasonal boarding schools for children of nomadic families. Financial support to these boarding schools was cut in the 1990s, causative to some extent amplified illiteracy. Primary and secondary education previously lasted 10 years, however was stretched to 11 years. Since the 2008-2009 school years, fresh first graders are using the 12 year system. The complete changeover to the 12-year system will not occur till the 2019-2020 school year. The entire Mongolian national universities are sequel of the National University of Mongolia and the Mongolian University of Science and Technology. The broad liberalization of the 1990s led to a bang in private organization of higher education, though a lot of of these institutions have complexity in source of revenue up to their name of "college" or "university". Mongolia has a wide-ranging, state-financed pre-school education system. At present there are more than 700 state and private kindergartens. Even as in socialist times, each sum used to have at least one nursery school and a kindergarten. Now there are only kindergartens that join children over the age of 3. In Ulaanbaatar, there are also some privately run nursery schools and kindergartens, several present languages teaching, for example, Russian. Education of eight years is obligatory. Academic year starts on September 1st every year. The minimum age to enroll in school is six years from 2008. Foreign-language themed public schools are common in cities like Ulaanbaatar and Erdenet. In 1942, Mongolian State University was created in Ulaanbaatar. It has three department's education, medicine, and veterinary medicine. The staff was Russian, as was the language of instruction. In 1983 the university's engineering institute and Russian-language teacher training organization develop into separate organizations, called the Polytechnic Institute and the Institute of Russian Language, respectively. The Polytechnic Institute had 5,000 students, for engineering and mining. Mongolian State University nearly 4,000 students, trained pure science and mathematics, social science, economics, and philology. More than 90 percent of the faculty was Mongolian. Tutors also came from the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, France, and Britain. To a great extent education was in Russian, dazzling the lack of Mongol-language texts in advanced and specialized fields. Other institutions of higher learning are the Institute of Medicine, the Institute of Agriculture, the Institute of Economics, the State Pedological Institute, the Polytechnic Institute, the Institute of Russian Language, and the Institute of Physical Culture. All the students have a work semester to help with the harvest, form "shock work" teams for construction projects, or went to work in the Soviet Union or in another country. The third-year and fourth-year engineering undergraduates were notified to tell in which endeavor they would be allocated to following graduation, so that their training possibly will be alerted with realistic tops in mind by the educational authorities in the year 1989.
In 1203 AD a single Mongolia was created. It was based on nomadic tribal groupings in the headship of Genghis Khan. He and his heirs occupied almost full Asia and European Russia and drive their armies to distant places as Central Europe and Southeast Asia. His grandsons Kublai Khan occupied China and customized the Yuan dynasty (1279-1368 AD) expanded reputation in Europe through the writings of Marco Polo. Mongol-led confederations occasionally implement ample political control over their dominated territories their force dejected hurriedly after the Mongol dynasty in China was defeated in 1368. In 1644, the Manchus tribal assemblies occupied China and created the Qing dynasty and broight Mongolia under Manchu power in 1691 as Outer Mongolia when the Khalkha Mongol nobles took pledge of loyalty to the Manchu emperor. The Mongol rulers of Outer Mongolia benefited from substantial sovereignty in the Manchus and every Chinese claims to Outer Mongolia next the organization of the republic have relaxed on this pledge. In 1727 Russia and Manchu China accomplished the agreement of Khiakta restricted the border between China and Mongolia that survived in large part today. The Russian uprising and civil war managed to pay for Chinese warlords an occasion to reinstate their decree in Outer Mongolia and Chinese groups were transmitted in 1919. Subsequently Soviet military success over White Russian forces in the early 1920s and the profession of the Mongolian assets Urga in July 1921 Moscow once more turned into the main external power on Mongolia. The Mongolian People's Republic was announced on November 25 1924. In between 1925 and 1928 the authority in the communist rule was merged by the Mongolian Peoples Revolutionary Party (MPRP). The MPRP left slowly undermined rightist fundamentals snatching power of the party and the government. Some issues typified the country in this period. The society was on the whole nomadic and illiterate. There was no trade grassroots. The nobility and the religious institution mutually used the country's affluence. There was prevalent admired compliance to traditional establishment. The party was short of grassroots help and the government had miniature association or understanding. In an attempt at swift socioeconomic restructure the leftist government functional extreme events which assaulted the two mainly leading institutions in the country. They are the upper classes and the religious organization. In 1932 to 1945 their surplus enthusiasm prejudice and innocence directed to anti-communist uprisings. In the late 1930's purge aimed at the religious institution outcomes in the violation of hundreds of Buddhist institutions and incarceration of more than 10 000 people. In the time of World War II as of a rising Japanese intimidation over the Mongolian-Manchurian border the Soviet Union upturned the path of Mongolian socialism in goodwill of a new policy of economic gradualism and buildup of the national defense. The Soviet-Mongolian army overpowered Japanese army that had occupied eastern Mongolia in the summer of 1939 and a truce was signed creating a commission to describe the Mongolian-Manchurian border in the autumn of that year. Subsequent to the war the Soviet Union confirmed its power in Mongolia.Safe and sound in its dealings with Moscow the Mongolian Government moved to postwar expansion spotlight on civilian enterprise. International binds were extended and Mongolia recognized relations with North Korea and the new communist governments in Eastern Europe. It also amplified its contribution in communist-sponsored conference and international associations. In 1961, Mongolia joined United Nations as a member. Mongolia tried to keep an impartial place amidst gradually more controversial Sino-Soviet polemics in early 1960s. This point of reference altered in the central decade. Mongolia and the Soviet Union marked an agreement in 1966 that initiated large-scale Soviet ground forces as part of Moscow's common buildup beside the Sino-Soviet frontier. During the phase of Sino-Soviet tensions affairs involving Mongolia and China worsened. In 1983 Mongolia analytically commenced drive out a few of the 7 000 ethnic Chinese in Mongolia to China. Several of them had existed in Mongolia from the 1950s when they were sending there to help in construction projects.
In the period of Communist Government tourism in Mongolia was enormously restricted. Democratic Revolution in Mongolia gradually increased the tourism in Mongolia in 1990. Mongolia is looking forward for the "unstoppable" expansion in tourism as its natural resources are tapped which will increase its economy. Only there were 10,000 tourists yearly, they came from communist, North American, and West European countries. Mongolia has natural, historical, and cultural sites of interest to foreign tourists. Some of them are the Nemegt Valley's "dinosaur graveyard," the ancient city of Karakorum, and the medieval Erdene-Dzuu monastery. Hunting trip is a major tourist attraction in Mongolia. The Foreign Tourist Office, Juulchin, which was branch of the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Supply in 1989, hold all foreign tourists. World wide tourists come for the festival known as Naadam. It is generally held on July 11 to July 13 to respect the Democratic Revolution. Naadam comprises of three Mongolian traditional sports. They are archery, long-distance horse-racing, and Mongolian wrestling. It is celebrated like the Olympics. The National Museum of Mongolian History situated in the city capital, Ulaanbaatar is popular for its Mongolia's prosperous ancient history. The museum has artifact collections combined from all eras of Mongolian history. Orkhon Khurkhree is a wonderful waterfall. It falls off the cliff and into the pool, ultimately curving to Orkhon River. The water of Orkhon is clear and somewhat cold. Erdene Zuu is the first and most famous popular Buddhist monastery. Yolim Am is the vulture canyon. Trekking is popular here. The canyon is narrow and uneven. Gandantegchilen Kloster is one of the main monasteries in Mongolia. This monastery was constructed in 1810 and was damaged in the period of communism and the temple was rebuilt in 1990. Khyatruunii Rashaan is a mineral spring. Bayan Zag is the flaming cliffs. As the ragged rock produced from reddish-brown sediments Bayan Zag was named as the flaming cliffs.
By tradition Economy in Mongolia has support from agriculture and the breeding of livestock. Mongolia has wide-ranging mineral dumps like copper, coal, molybdenum, tin, tungsten, and gold description for a big part of trade making. Soviet support, at its elevation one-third of GDP, vanished approximately suddenly in 1990-91, during the fall of the Soviet Union (1985-1991). Mongolia was obsessed into profound decline, which was extended by the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party's (MPRP) unwillingness to start solemn economic change. In 1996-2000 the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) government, has hold free-market economics, reducing price controls, liberalizing domestic and international trade, and trying to reorganize the banking system and the energy sector. The main domestic privatization plan have been commenced, as well as nurturing of overseas straight investment through international tender of the oil allocation company, a leading cashmere wool company, and banks. Improvement has been held back by the ex-communist MPRP disagreement and by the political volatility carried concerning during four successive administrations in the DUC. Economic development pulled out up in 1997-99 after freezing in 1996 due to a succession of usual tragedies and raised in world prices of copper and cashmere. Public revenues and exports vanished in 1998 and 1999 due to the consequences of the Asian economic disaster. In August and September 1999, the economy experienced from a provisional Russian forbid on exports of oil and oil products. Mongolia united to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1997. The global donor society promised over $300 million per year at the last Consultative Group Meeting, held in Ulaanbaatar in June 1999.
In Mongolia, the transportation organization comprises of network of waterways, airports, railways and roads. Mongolia's transport division in general with mainly supplementary economic zones, tolerates slight similarity to that at the beginning of the country's evolution to a market economy. State-owned companies in early days offered the transport services at heavily subsidize rates. The enormous raise in trade with China will force on the outline of demands for transport infrastructure and services in the next decades. There are restrictions on improvement with considerable economic support from the former Soviet Union. Support from international and mutual loans from institutions are available, still, there are signs that these sources are fetching less excitement to loan for transport infrastructure and are placing extra emphasis on institutional matters. The Mongolian rail network covers 1,815 km of broad gauge track, of which 1,110 km are on the most important line connecting Russia to China, 238 km are on other network in Eastern Mongolia that has its individual link to the Russian railway, and the left over 477 km are branches from the main line. Transfer rail cargo has improved on 25 percent of total rail goods ton km in 2005 and it now presents an even better share of railway freight profits. With the bonus new vision of transporting major mining productivity to China, there is some fear that the existing single track railway connecting Russia to China from Ulaanbaatar may not have adequate capacity to transport all the available goods. In count with mining productivity, the railway is the favored means of transport for most of Mongolia's international trade. The present power is likely to decrease when the lined road is finished to race with the railway from Ulaanbaatar to the Chinese border at Zamyn Uud. The Chinese establishment requires several Mongolian goods, particularly animal goods counting cashmere, be transported by road within China. But even given these discouragement, the railway be supposed to be able to keep hold of a price benefit over road transport over this distance, mainly if road transport from Ulaanbaatar to Zamyn Uud is probable to supply to its infrastructure expansion and protection cost in a way similar to that of the railway. Internal waterway transfer is very partial. Now there is the "Sukhbaatar" ship, three barges and over 30 motorboats on Khuvsugul Lake. There are also additional than 20 motor-boats in operation in Khovd, Dornod and Selenge aimags. Air transport has a significant position in the Mongolian economy, particularly for tourists. The population is sparse in Mongolia and has extreme climatic conditions in winter. Surface transportation by road and railway is not urbanized in Mongolia. Genghis Khan International Airport in Ulaanbaatar has around 98 percent of international air transport services. The international airport features frequent shutting because of strong winds, sand or snow storms or unacceptable visibility because of excessive air pollution
Mongolia is located in Northern Asia tactically sited connecting China and Russia. Mongolia is surrounded by land. The total area of Mongolia is 1.565 million km². The topography is one of mountains and rolling plateaus, with an elevated level of aid. Mongolia has three main mountain ranges. In general, the land slopes from the lofty Altay Mountains of the west and the north to plains and depressions in the east and the south. On the Chinese border is the highest point (4,374 meters) of the Khuiten Peak in extreme western Mongolia. Mongolia has a regular elevation of 1,580 meters. The sceneries comprise of one of Asia's largest freshwater lake (Lake Khovsgol), several salt lakes, marshes, sand dunes, rolling grasslands, alpine forests, and permanent montane glaciers. Northern and western Mongolia is seismically vigorous zones, with recurrent earthquakes and various hot springs and vanished volcanoes. The Khangai Mountains, mountains drift from northwest to southeast, inhabit a large extent of central and north-central Mongolia. These are big, minor, and further eroded mountains, with several forests and alpine meadows. The Khentii Mountains close to the Russian border to the northeast of Ulaanbaatar, are inferior still. Eastern Mongolia is engaged by a plain, and the lowly area is a southwest-to-northeast trending depression that attains from the Gobi Desert area in the south to the eastern border. The rivers deplete in three directions. The three directions are north to the Arctic Ocean, east to the Pacific, or into the deserts and the depressions of Inner Asia. The majority of Rivers are expansively developed in the north, and the main river is the Selenge, which drains into Lake Baikal. Rivers in northeastern Mongolia exhaust into the Pacific through the Argun and Amur (Heilong Jiang) rivers, while the few stream of southern and western Mongolia run into lakes or deserts. Climate in Mongolia is extreme continental.
Mongolia is famous for attractive National parks. A national park is the part of nature. A majority of National Parks in Mongolia are situated near Ulaanbaatar, the capital city. Bogd National Park is in the south of Ulaanbaatar. Bogd Khaan Mountain is the national park since 300 years ago. This park is popular for its religious importance and this attractive mountain has been unharmed for centuries in provisions of consume its assets and hunting animals. Some religious ceremonies are performed every year close to the utmost peak of Tsetsee Gun. The mountain is safeguarded in the unique protection act of Government. With its nature and wildlife together, Bogd Khaan Mountain show off its stunning landscape with green forests of pine, cedar, larch and birch layering the mountain. In summers, meadows amid woods are enclosed with a number of special types of flowers, most of which are admired are edelweiss, generating multicolored scenery. A number of dissimilar species of animals as well as stag, wild boar, sable, wolf and fox can be seen during the mountain. Manzshir Monastery is constructed in the 19th century. Later the monastery was damaged by communists in 1937 in a country wide political cleansing in opposition to religion. The majority of temples are nearly unremarkable now roofed with grass. Construction of a new temple is done which is now a museum. There are pictures and a few relics of the original monastery to display. Using the remains few tourist amenities like some ger-yurt housing, an eatery, and a natural museum where the exhibits are made of nature items: leaves, grass, stone and feathers etc. An interesting place that should be recommended is a small typical Mongolian ger furnished with authentic Mongolian furniture. The adjacent region is ideal for walking through green woods, meadows and mountain clear water streams. The Manzshir monastery location is reachable through Zuunmod entrance, and is 45 km-s to the south west of Ulaanbaatar. Gorkhi Terelj National Park (Terelj) is one of Mongolia's most trendy tourist places. Gorkhi Terelj National Park is situated in Hentii mountain array and limits the Khan Hentii Strictly Protected Area. Terelj is well-known for its stunning natural surroundings, fascinating rock patterns. Gobi Gurvan Saikhan is sited in the west of the city of Dalanzadgad. The park includes the sequence of ridges and valleys that make up the eastern end of the Gobi Altai Mountains.
Mongolia is a parliamentary republic country. People elect the legislative body. The president is elected directly. Some of the political parties of Mongolia are Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) and the Democratic Party (DP). The MPRP created the regime of the country from 1921 to 1996 and from 2000 to 2004. In alliance with DP and two other parties from 2006 MPRP is ruling the government. In 2008 the parliamentary elections was won by MPRP. Mongolia's president plays a representational role. The president has the powers to slab the Parliament's conclusions, and can then claim superiority to prohibit by a two-thirds majority. Mongolia's establishment presents three necessities for charming office as president. They are the applicant should be born in Mongolia, age should be 45 years, and have been located in Mongolia for five years before joining the office. The president is obligatory to officially resign his or her party membership. The present president is Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj, a previous two-time prime minister and member of the Democratic Party was designated as president on May 24, 2009 and swear in on June 18. Mongolia employs a unicameral parliamentary system the government selected by the governing body exercises executive power. The lawmaking arm, the State Great Khural, has one assembly room with 76 seats and is lead by the speaker of the house. Every four years elections are held. The State Great Khural is authoritative in the Mongolian government with the president being largely symbolic and the prime minister being confirmed from the parliament. Prime Minister of Mongolia is selected by the State Great Khural. The present prime minister is Sukhbaataryn Batbold who implicit the office on 29 October 2009. The deputy prime minister is Norovyn Altankhuyag. There are ministers for each and every department (finance, defense, labor, agriculture, etc.) and those offices comprise the prime minister's cabinet. The cabinet is voted by the prime minister in discussion with the president and authenticated by the State Great Khural.