Lithuania Information

Lithuania Rentals

Lithuania rental properties are primarily found in the major metropolitan areas of Lithuania. Common rental types found in Lithuania are apartments, studios, lofts, one bedrooms, two bedrooms, condos, houses for rent, mobile homes, hotel rooms, vacation rental, furnished rentals short term rentals. Regions and cities if Lithuania where housing rentals are found are Vilnius County, All Cities, Alytus County, Kaunas County, Klaipeda County, Marijampole County, Panevezys County, Siauliai County, Taurage County, Telsiai County, Utena County. Vacation rentals, short term rentals and furnished housing are more common in the metropolitan areas of Lithuania.

Lithuania Rental Areas

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Lithuania Country Information

The country Lithuania is located in the northern Europe. The boundaries are Latvia to the north and to the southeast of it is Belarus and to the southwest of it is Russian exclave of Kaliningrad, Sweden and Denmark lies across the west of the Baltic Sea. The capital city of Lithuania is Vilnius and is one of the largest cities with the population of around 3.32 million. In 1569 with the union of Lublin there was the formation of a new state called the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by the Lithuania and Poland which was lasted for two centuries up till the neighboring countries broke it down it from 1772 to 1795 with the Russian Empire joining most of it territories. The Act of Independence was signed on February 16th in 1918 after the disaster of World War I announcing for the re-formation of a sovereign state. First it was occupied by the Soviet Union and later on by the Nazi Germany. In 1990 on March 11th Lithuania made the declaration of its independence. Being Lithuania is one of the fastest developing countries in the Europe before the global financial crisis of 2008 and it became the member of the NATO, the Council of Europe, and the European Union.

Lithuania Recreation, Culture and Attractions

Lithuanian Art Museum was one of the largest museums of art conservation in Lithuania. Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis is a popular musician internationally from 1857 to 1911. Vilnius Guggenheim Hermitage Museum is a future museum which has New York City anthology film archive, and Fluxus arts and it likely to open in 2011. The Latin literature of Lithuania was the edicts of Lithuanian King Mindaugas and the Letters of Gediminas is one of the significant Latin monuments. The culture has been inspired by geography, historical events, and artistic movements. The cultural modifications had been taken place from the Soviet Union to the independent Lithuania and most of them were Roman Catholics. The popular sports of Lithuania are basketball, football, athletics and cycling but Football (soccer) is being most popular sport of the country and trainers has been educated in the Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education and participated in the international competitions. The popular winter games are skiing, ice skating, ice hockey, and ice fishing on Curonian Lagoon and summer games are Bicycling and canoeing. In 1924 the first Olympic particpation at the Chamonix, France for the winter games. The Gediminas Castle has been built by the city founder and had served as a prison for the criminals but now its one of the major tourist attractions. Actually it was made out of wood and later with the clad in 10ft (3m) thick stone walls but unfortunately it has been destructed by the Russian troops during 17th century but now it regained its original beauty back and its majestic octagonal tower provides a stunning view of the old city. The castle also comprised of a museum which depicts history and archaeological finds of Lithuania and Vilnius. The glorious and beautiful Vilnius Cathedral is one of the prides of the old city of this country and it resembles like classical Greek temple rather than a Christian Cathedral which is filled with the historical and traditional icons and contains more then 40 paintings and frescoes. The most popular one is the Casimir Chapel which was built in 1623, comprised of eight silver-plated statues by the artist Constantino Tencallo. The Gintaras Karosas which has been founded by the Europos Parkas on a 55-hectare site which surrounded geographic center of Europe by the French National Geographic Institute in 1989 with the art of the rolling hills and fields dotted with natural springs every year draws thousands of tourists towards it. During the 20th century most of the population was Yiddish-speaking Jews and the city was called as the 'Jerusalem of the North'. The dark days of the Lithuania when it was under the rule of Soviet Russia has been protected and preserved as historical collections in the former KGB headquarters building. Near the Gediminas Castle in the Old City, there is a hill which is topped with three cross which is erected during the 17th century in remembrance of the seven monks who were crucified and thrown into the river Vilinia but the during the Russian regime it has been destroyed but re-erected in 1989 to mark the independence of Lithuania as a symbol of faith and national identity and this has been one of the most splended site for the tourists to view.

Lithuania Country Demographics

Lithuania total population - 3,555,179
Lithuania male population - 1,671,880
Lithuania female population - 1,883,299
Lithuania ethnic Lithuanians population - 2,907,293
Lithuania Poles population - 234,989
Lithuania Russians population - 219,789
Lithuania Belarusians population - 42,866
Lithuania Ukrainians population - 22,488
Lithuania Jews population - 4,007
Lithuania Germans population - 3,243
Lithuania Tatars population - 3,235
Lithuania Latvians population - 2,955
Lithuania Roma population - 2,571
Lithuania Armenians population - 1,477
Lithuania Other population - 6,138
Lithuania No response on the ethnicity question - 32,921

Lithuania School Information

At the cathedral of Vilnius in 1387 first well furnished school has been started in Lithuania and was inspired by the Christianization, many schools has been built during the medieval period and the students were prepared for the priesthood; parish schools, and Lithuanian nobility. The Lithuanians were searching for the universities in foreign countries which constitute Cracow, Prague, and Leipzig, among others. For their higher education Before Vilnius University was found in 1579. The Ministry of Science and Education of this country constitutes some principles, policies and goals which have to confirm by the government along with the other general laws on the higher education, vocational training, law and science, adult education, and special education and municipal administrators, and school founders are responsible for taking care of this policies. According to the constitution of Lithuania ten years of education is must which ends up at the age of 16. The constitution of Lithuania has been declared free education for the children who get GOOD RANKS and the total number of students has been increased by 68 percent in 2002 and in 1999 the state government of Lithuania has allotted 26 percent of the state budget for education expenditure. If the literacy graph is to be checked the Lithuanian persons aged 15 years and older then that as 100 percent as of 2008, and 30.4 percent age from 25 to 64 who has been completed the tertiary education and about 60.1 percent had completed upper secondary and higher education. 90 percent of Lithuanians speak only one foreign language and the rest speak both Russian and English. As of now Lithuania constitutes about 11 private colleges, 16 public colleges and 15 public universities , Vilnius being one of the oldest in Europe and largest university in Lithuania.Beside these, Kaunus being the largest technical university in the Baltic States and the second largest university in Lithuania and the other constitutes Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuanian Academy of Music and Theatre, Vilnius Pedagogical University, Vytautas Magnus University, Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, The General Jonas Zemaitis Military Academy of Lithuania, Klaipeda University, Lithuanian Veterinary Academy, Lithuanian University of Agriculture, Siauliai University and Vilnius Academy of Arts. In Lithuania secondary education is must till the 16 years of age. The education for children starts from 6 or 7 years of age and the academic year in this country starts on 1st of the September and last for about 9 months and students will be on vacation for one complete month. The educational system has been centralized and almost all the schools follow the same syllabus. The class rooms are well furnished but some special class rooms has been built for the subjects like physics, chemistry, biology, art and some other subjects and even extra curricular activates has been provided in most of the schools.

Lithuania Country Symbols

Lithuania state Flag
Lithuania state Flag
Lithuania state Bird
Lithuania state Bird
White Stork
Lithuania state Flower
Lithuania state Flower
Lithuania state Anthem
Lithuania state Anthem
'Tautiska giesme' ('National Song')
Lithuania state Plant
Lithuania state Plant
Rue Plant

Lithuania Country History

The history of this country goes back in 1009 and later on it occupied many neighboring lands and finally in 13th century it could form its own kingdom called the "Kingdom of Lithuania". In 15th century it became the largest state in Europe joining hands with the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth to become a strong power but in 18th century it happened to be taken out from the political map completely with the Partitions of Poland. But in 1918 on February 16th Lithuania was reformed as a democratic state and remained independent up till the beginning of the of World War II when it was under the control of soviet union under again Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. It was unfortunately again under the Soviet Union for about 50 years when Nazis announced the war against USSR. But in the beginning of 1990's it regained its sovereignty and started to develop into an economically strong and powerful country.

Lithuania Country Tourist Information

There have been sandy coast lines between Latvia and Russia and is one of the famous attractions of the Baltic States and the major warm-water port of Klaipeda is located at the narrow mouth of the Curonian Lagoon. The country of Lithuania is glacially flat between 56.27 and 53.53 latitude and 20.56 and 26.50 longitude and the tributaries of the river Neman has been utilized by the internal shipping purpose. It has a mixed forest zone which is covered 33 percent of the country. The northern side of Lithuania's capital city Vilnius is being treated as one of the Geographical Center of Europe by the geographers. The primary natural resources are Limestone, clay, sand, and gravel and the southern part of the country provides high yield of the iron ore and granite. The year 2009 being treated as the exceptionally festive year not only for the Lithuanians but also for the tourists, 1,000th birthday of its name and the combining cultures of the European capitals and the capital city Vilnius being celebrated and 2010 also being celebrated for completing 20 years of independence from soviet union in March 11 1990. The tourists can enjoy the stunning beauty of the country by its land scape Curonian Spit and Lithuania's lovely national parks, blissful spa experience, the tourist can even able to try out national and international cuisine and Vilnius being the capital city because there several places to visit, entertain and even to relax and the tourist can easily fall in love with the Vilnius the capital city of Lithuania.

Lithuania Country Transportation

It maintains its own railways nationally and operates all the lines of the country and its main network consists of 1749 km of 1,520 mm (4 ft 115/6 in). Its broad gauge is of 122 km, standard gauge is of 22km and the narrow gauge network with 179 km 750 mm (2 ft 51/2 in). The narrow gauge lines regularly serving 5 stations with 12 locomotives. The Lithuanian always even transported around 50 million tones of cargo with 6.2 million passengers and oil being the main cargo. The total number of paved highways is 12,912.22 km and 8,415.87 are unpaved. It comprised of three international airports: Vilnius International Airport: It is one of the civil largest airport at the south of the capital city Vilnius with 5.9 km (3.7 mi) and started its operations in 1944 and in 1954 an old terminal has been built. Kaunas International Airport: It is one of the second largest and busiest civil airport of Lithuania next to Vilnius International Airport and takes its fourth position in the Baltic States. It is situated in Karmelava, 15 km (9.3 mi) northeast of Kaunas centre and it mainly serves to international passenger with cargo flights. It is managed to handle around 390,881 passengers and in 2006 more then 60% and in 2009 it could managed to handle around 456,698 passengers. Palanga International Airport: It is situated in the western part of the Lithuania near the Baltic Sea with the different routes flown in Boeing 737, Saab 2000, Saab 340, CRJ-200, Jetstream-32, ATR 42, and Yak-42. The percentage of passengers increased gradually every year and it being the third largest Lithuania after Vilnius International Airport and Kaunas International Airport.

Lithuania Taxes

Lithuania corporate income tax rate - 24% to 15%
Lithuania corporate income tax rate for Small enterprises - 13%
Lithuania tax rate on Capital gains - 24% to 15%
Lithuania Dividends tax - 15%
Lithuania the statutory withholding tax rate for dividend income - 15%
Lithuania the statutory withholding tax rate for interest and royalty - 10%
Lithuania personal income tax - 10% to 35%
Lithuania personal income tax flat rate for principal income - 29%
Lithuania real estate tax - 1.5%
Lithuania Gifts and inheritances tax - 0%, 5% and 10%
Lithuania base rate of value-added tax (VAT) applicable to most goods and services - 18%
Lithuania base rate of value-added tax (VAT) applicable to foodstuffs and "environmentally friendly" products as well as to newspapers, journals, newspaper paper, drugs and medicines - 5% and 9%

Lithuania Universities

International Business School of Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania - 2400 Students
ISM University of Management and Economics, Kaunas/Vilnius, Lithuania - 900 Students
Kaunas University of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania - 3600 Students
Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas/Panevezys, Lithuania - 17500 Students
Klaipeda University, Klaipeda, Lithuania - 7000 Students
Mykolas Romeris University, Vilnius/Kaunas, Lithuania - 16000 Students
LCC International University (LCC), Klaipeda, Lithuania - 640 Students
Lithuanian Academy of Music and Theatre, Vilnius, Lithuania - 1100 Students
Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education, Kaunas, Lithuania - 2700 Students
Lithuanian University of Agriculture, Kaunas, Lithuania - 7400 Students
Lithuanian Veterinary Academy, Kaunas, Lithuania - 1500 Students
Siauliai University, Siauliai, Lithuania - 11000 Students
Telsiai Bishop Vincentas Borisevicius Priest Seminary, Telsiai, Lithuania - 40 Students
Vilnius Academy of Business Law, Vilnius, Lithuania - 430 Students
Vilnius Academy of Fine Arts, Vilnius/Kaunas, Lithuania - 2000 Students
Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Vilnius, Lithuania - 14500 Students
Vilnius Pedagogical University, Vilnius, Lithuania - 12750 Students
Vilnius University, Vilnius/Kaunas, Lithuania - 22500 Students
Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania - 8700 Students

Lithuania Religions

Lithuania Roman Catholics Population is 79%
Lithuania Orthodox Believers Population is 4.05%
Lithuania Old Believers Population is 0.77%
Lithuania Evangelical Lutherans Population is 0.56%
Lithuania Evangelical Reformists Population is 0.2%
Lithuania Jehovah's Witnesses Population is 0.1%
Lithuania Sunni Muslims Population is 0.08%
Lithuania All Gospel Churches Population is 0.06%
Lithuania Pentecostal Church Population is 0.04%
Lithuania Judaists Population is 0.04%
Lithuania Balts Believers Population is 0.04%
Lithuania Baptists (and other independent churches) Population is 0.04%

Lithuania Counties

Alytus County, Lithuania - Population 177,040
Kaunas County, Lithuania - Population 673,706
Klaipeda County, Lithuania - Population 378,843
Marijampole County, Lithuania - Population 181,219
Panevezys County, Lithuania - Population 284,235
Siauliai County, Lithuania - Population 349,876
Taurage County, Lithuania - Population 127,378
Telsiai County, Lithuania - Population 173,383
Utena County, Lithuania - Population 172,580
Vilnius County, Lithuania - Population 848,097

Lithuania Country Government

Lithuania is a democratic country and Prime Minister being the head of the government, with a multi-party system. The executive function is taken care the government which is headed by the Prime Minister. The federal legislative power authority is given to both the government and the unicameral Seimas thuanian iament), where as the power of judiciary is given up to the judges who are appointed by the President of Lithuania and is independent of executive and legislature power. The judiciary is comprised of the constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, and the Court of Appeal and segregated administrative hurts. In order to form coalition governments, the Lithuanian government has been not dominated by any other single political party because of its multi-party system which aims for the Team Work. Since independence it able to manage firm traditions of democracy. In the general elections around 56.75 percent of the voters had been supported the new constitution after its independence but there was a discussion about the new constitution regarding the president ship. A separate legislation act was proposed to know the public opinion which was held on 23 May 1992 and the result as 41 percent had been supported for the reformation of the president ship. The president will be the state head who is elected for five years directly and should serve for two consecutive years for maximum. The main function of the president is to take care of the foreign affairs and national security policy and is also the responsible for the military commander-in-chief. The Prime Minister had been appointed by the president in coordination with the parliamentary body, and then the prime minister along with the cabinets and other top civil servants appoints the judges for all the courts. The parliament of Lithuania is comprised of 141 members who are elected for four years 71 has been elected in single constituencies, and the other 70 are from the nation wide by proportional representation.

Lithuania Country Economy

Lithuania is one of the 2nd fastest developing economic unions in the Europe. The country economy look likes to have bottomed out as on 1994, and Vilnius's policies have arranged the groundwork for vigorous salvage over the next few years. Lithuania's continuing transition to a free-market economy has been assisted by structural reforms and a gradually lively private sector. Agriculture is one of the major sectors in the country economy; some of the major agricultural products are grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, and vegetables. Lithuania has number of manufacture industries they are metal cutting machine tools, electric motors, TVs, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum purifying, shipbuilding, furniture making, textiles, food processing, nourishments, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers and amber jewelry. The country GDP developed to 5.9% it went outside even the most optimistic prospects, in spite of the slower developments in the neighboring markets in the year of 2001. The country government has followed improvement procedures to curb chronically high stages of government spending and improve the competence of the public sector in Lithuania.

Lithuania Country Parks

The country of Lithuania is comprised of five parks and was found in 1991 when Lithuania became independent in 1990. They are: Aukstaitija National Park: It is found in 1974 and is treated to be the oldest of the remaining five parks and is situated in the northeastern of Lithuania, and is about 100 km north of the capital city Vilnius. At the beginning it is named as Lithuanian SSR National Park and later on it was renamed after the ethnographic regions of Lithuania. Dzukija National Park: was found in 1991 to protect and preserve the pine forests, beautiful sceneries of the regions. It has been encircled by about 550 square kilometers on the Neman River banks. Its being one of the largest protected territory of Lithuania with a pleasant climate then the other parts of the country and is in the association with the Baltic National Parks and the Federation of European National Parks. Kursiu Nerija National Park: It was found in 1991 and is one of the five national parks and is formed to protect and preserve the Curonian Spit and Curonian Lagoon of ecosystems and is under the protection of the Lithuanian state and is also a member of the EUROPARC federation. It has been categorized II under the classification of the World Conservation Union. Trakai Historical National Park: It has been called one of the historical parks in Europe and was found in 1992. It's about 25 kilometers from the capital city Vilnius and is comprised with the forests, lakes and villages. Zemaitija National Park: It's located on zemaiciu Highlands and is about 45 kilometer from the Baltic Sea. The 7 percent of the territory covered by the lake Plateliaiis called one of the largest lakes and is been treated one of the noted destinations for the tourists.