Latvia Information

Latvia Rentals

Latvia rental properties are primarily found in the major metropolitan areas of Latvia. Common rental types found in Latvia are apartments, studios, lofts, one bedrooms, two bedrooms, condos, houses for rent, mobile homes, hotel rooms, vacation rental, furnished rentals short term rentals. Regions and cities if Latvia where housing rentals are found are East Latvia, North Latvia, Riga, Riga District, South Latvia, West Latvia, All Cities. Vacation rentals, short term rentals and furnished housing are more common in the metropolitan areas of Latvia.

Latvia Rental Areas

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Latvia State Information

The boundaries of Latvia are Estonia on the north which is of from 343km and to the south by Lithuania which is of from 588 km, to the east by the Russian Federation which is of from 276 km, and to the southeast by Belarus of from 141 km. it's a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It covers around 64,589 sq km (24,938 sq mi) and maintains a temperate seasonal climate. The people of Latvia are called Latvians and are culturally connected to the Estonians and Lithuanians and have many similarities with Lithuanian and follow the Lithuanian languages but not the Estonian. The name Latvia has been thought to be originated from the ancient Latvian name Latvji, which is like the name of Lithuania which might be originated from the river named Latuva. It's a unitary parliamentary republic and is divided into 118 municipalities and the capital city is Riga which is one of the largest cities in Latvia. It is one of the least popular embers of the European Union with a population of 2.24 million and is also the member of United Nations since 1991, the European Union since 2004 and of NATO since 2004. It became independent in 1991 and posted the GDP growth figures during the 1998-2006 and showed the decline of 26.54 percent and it undergone a stormy change of government which resulted in political stability.

Latvia Recreation, Culture and Attractions

The traditions of Latvians are based on folklore especially folk songs of over thousand years and of around 1.2 million texts and 30,000 melodies of folk songs have been recognized. Between the thirteenth and nineteenth century, Baltic Germans, most of them were non-Germans but has been adapted to the German culture to form an upper class. The cultural heritage they developed has been influenced by both Latvians and Germans. The pagan's cultural heritage was preserved and was partly merged with the Christian traditions like the feast day of St. John the Baptist has been celebrated on the same day of jani a pagan celebration of the summer solstice. The nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century is often described as a classical era of Latvian culture because during this time the Latvian nationalist movements came out to promote the Latvians culture to take part in cultural activities. The influence of the European culture has been noticed by the artistic skills of the Baltic-German artist Bernhard Borchert and the French Raoul Dufy. After the union of Russians, the writers and artists were forced to follow the artistic styles of the Socialist realism during which music became popular which being making fun of the characteristics of Soviet life and were concerned about preserving Latvian identity. This movement aroused popular protests against the USSR and also gave rise to an increasing popularity of poetry. Theatre, scenography, choir music and classical music are the notable branches of Latvian culture since independence. The climatic conditions of Latvia are responsible to popular winter sports and bobsledding, skiing, ice skating, and ice hockey. The rivers and lakes of Gauja and Abava is a national past time. The beaches and the site sceanes of Latvia's Baltic coast are the famous holiday destinations for tourists from across the Europe. For the 1924 Winter Games in Chamonix, France it entered into the first Olympics after World War II. For the first time Latvians competed at the Olympics as an independent country in 1992 since 1936. At the south of the Latvia the palace called Rundale Palace which is former home of the Dukes of Courtland which has been designed by Rastrelli and it damaged during the war and restored again. There is a 200 year old farm house called Kurmi which is in 11.5 acres of land. It is a one storey house with a traditional squared-log construction with a wooden shingle roof. The farm house of Kurmi is located on a knoll from where the headwaters of the river Gauja are visible and is a quiet peaceful area. Cross-country skiing in the winter, cycling, bird watching, fishing, hunting are some of the activities. This farm house is available on short or long periods for rents. Riga is one of the old cities and capital of Latvia which is over 800 hundred years of existence and still has many mediaeval buildings. There are many restaurants, museums and galleries and vibrant nightlife.

Latvia State Demographics

Latvia total population - 2,261,294
Latvia male population - 1,033,373
Latvia female population - 1,198,130
Latvia Latvians population - 1,340,143
Latvia Russians population - 628,535
Latvia Belarusians population - 81,862
Latvia Ukrainians population - 56,183
Latvia Poles population - 53,177
Latvia Lithuanians population - 30,415
Latvia Jews population - 9,915
Latvia Roma population - 8,570
Latvia Germans population - 4,500
Latvia Estonians population - 2,480
Latvia Others population - 45,514

Latvia School Information

The education in Latvia is free but it's a must until the age of 15 or the completion of primary school. The primary enrollment rate by gross was 95.8 by 1996 and the net enrollment was 89.5 percent. The oldest university of Latvia was established in 1919 on September 28 situated in Riga. Daugavpils University is the second largest university. Latvias lauksaimniecibas universitate and Latvian university of Agriculture are some of the well known universities of latvia situated in Jelgava. The basic education in Latvia is about nine years and after that secondary education is provided in general by the secondary schools which is of 3 years course and they provide the Certificate of General Secondary Education, Vocational schools which is of 2 to 3 years which provide the Certificates of Vocational Education, vocational secondary schools which is of 4 years provides the certificate of Vocational Secondary Education which is also valid for university entrance. The state of Latvia has recognized 34 higher education institutions which are of autonomous and provide academic degrees and professional higher education qualifications The institution programs are based on the quality assessment by the foreign experts. According to the Law on Professional Education there are different types of levels- first level which is also called college programmes and the second level which is considered as "completed" professional higher education. The first cycle leads to the award of a Bakalaurs (Bachelor' degree), which in most cases includes the preparation of a thesis and duration of which varies from three to four years. The second cycle leads to the award of the Magistrs (Master's degree), a terminal qualification of higher education awarded one to two years after the Bakalaurs also includes the presentation of a thesis and duration is of no less than five years. The doctoral studies are available at both higher education institutions and research institutes and is of 3 to 4 years course after the completion of Magistrs. The Secondary school teachers are called skolotajs. The teachers follow either teacher training course which is equivalent to the Bakalaurs (Bachelor) degree or 2 to 3 years professional teaching course which can be done after the completion of the Bachelor's degree.

Latvia State Symbols

Latvia state Flag
Latvia state Flag
Latvia state Bird
Latvia state Bird
White Wagtail
Latvia state Flower
Latvia state Flower
Latvia state Insect
Latvia state Insect
Two-spot ladybird
Latvia state Anthem
Latvia state Anthem
'Dievs, sveti Latviju! ('God Bless Latvia')
Latvia state Tree
Latvia state Tree
The linden, or lime tree and the oak

Latvia State History

Latvia has been noticed at the end of the last glacial period, around 9000 BC. The Baltic people made their appearance during the second millennium BC and there were about four different tribes in Latvia's territories were recognized at the end of the first millennium AD. Daugava River is one of the important rivers and its route from the Baltic region through Russia into southern Europe and the Middle East used by the Vikings and later Nordic and German traders. During the medieval period there was the formation of the Christianization which became the reason to attack of Northern Crusades and the capital city Riga was founded in 1201 by Teutonic colonists at the mouth of the Daugava. Due to the Latvia's strategic location and prosperity its territories became a central point for the clashes between the four major powers Germany, Poland, Sweden and Russia. During the Great Northern War which has taken place in the modern period began in 1710 when control over Riga switched from Sweden to Russia due to the longest period of dominance. When Latvia was under the control of Russia it is in the leading process of industrialization and the abolition of serfdom so that by the end of the 19th century it had become one of the most developed parts of the Russian Empire. After a two year struggle in the Russian Civil War, it finally won sovereign independence recognized by Russia in 1920 and by the international community in 1921. Its independent status was disturbed by World War II and was forcibly united with the Soviet Union, invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany in 1941; then again it has been taken back by the Soviets in 1944 after Germany surrendered. During the mid of 1940s the country was subjected to Soviet economic control and noticed considerable Russification of its peoples. But the culture of Latvia and its inner body survived during the period of Soviet liberalization under Mikhail Gorbachev and it was rushing towards the path of independence and become a member of the United Nations, entered NATO and joined the European Union.

Latvia State Tourist Information

Riga is the birth place of the world's first decorated Christmas tree according to some historian's belief. A group of Riga merchants in 1510 were the people to decorate the tree with flowers in honor of the Christ and the tradition gradually spread throughout the Christian world. In Riga still the tradition is continued handmade arts and crafts with the gingerbread and other festive treats are sold in the historical city centre for reasonable rates. The Latvian cultural historical heritage is composed of specific territories, sites, edifices and items. During the 19th and 20th centuries we can see the military constructions forming the urban fabric of historic centre which is seen along the old towns. Riga has a very few 18th century wooden buildings and Kleistu, Hartmana, Nordeku, Depkina estates. Latvia was hidden away from the world's view for over half a century when it was under the control of Soviet Union and was one of the most beautiful places of Northern Europe. Later on Latvia struggled hard to regain its strength now the government started treating the Latvian people with the respect that they deserve.

Latvia State Transportation

The GDP of transport sector is around 14 percent. Most of the transporters use these traffic transits for the cargo of crude oil and oil products. Riga International Airport is being the largest airport which has the capacity of 3.7 million passengers in 2008. There are around 11 ships with a volume of 1000 GRT and the dead weight is around 53,153 GRT/37 metric tons. There are different types of ships such as cargo ships, petroleum tanker, refrigerated cargo, roll-on/roll-off ship and short-sea/passenger. The state government of Latvia maintains the state road network, administration of the State Road Fund and organization of public provides in order to maintain the public with profitable, durable, safe and environmentally friendly state road network. Latvia has been signed by an agreement with the ministry of Transport of the Republic of Latvia which helps in operating the Latvian state roads. The State Joint Stock Company Latvian State Roads is 100% owned by the state and shares are managed by the Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Latvia.

Latvia Taxes

Latvia individual's salary income tax - 25%
Latvia business income tax - 15%
Latvia standard rate of tax for a corporation - 15%
Latvia real estate tax for Foreign, non-resident, companies - 2%
Latvia Individuals capital gain tax on sale of real estate or shares of a real estate company - 25%
Latvia Individuals capital gain tax for self employed - 15%
Latvia Deduction of Tax at Source employer's contribution to national insurance - 24.09%
Latvia Deduction of Tax at Source employee contribution to national insurance - 9%
Latvia Deduction of Tax at Source Self employed contribution to national insurance - 28.02%
Latvia Deduction of Tax at Source Latvian resident employed in Latvia by a non-Latvian company - 33%
Latvia Deduction of Tax at Source Dividend - the usual deduction - 10%
Latvia Deduction of Tax at Source Interest - for associated parties - the deduction at source - 10%
Latvia Deduction of Tax at Source Royalties - deduction at source - 5% -15%
Latvia Deduction of Tax at Source Payments to company managers and directors - 10%
Latvia Deduction of Tax at Source Receipts from the sale of real estate - 2%
Latvia Deduction of Tax at Source Real estate rental - 5%
Latvia standard rate of VAT - 21%
Latvia Value Added Tax reduced rates - 10%
Latvia Real Estate Transfer Tax imposed on the buyer - 2%
Latvia Property Tax when owning real estate - 1%
Latvia Property Tax for buildings and land - 1%

Latvia Universities

University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia - 22,096 Students
BA School of Business and Finance, Riga, Latvia - 2,200 Students
Riga Graduate School of Law, Riga, Latvia - 100 Students

Latvia Religions

Latvia Roman Catholic Population is 500,000
Latvia Evangelical Lutheran Church of Latvia Population is 450,000
Latvia Latvian Orthodox Population is 350,000
Latvia Jews Population is 9,743
Latvia Muslims Population is 300
Latvia neopagans Population is 600
Latvia Lutherans Population is 400,000
Latvia Orthodox Population is 300,000
Latvia Baptists Population is 6,000
Latvia Old Believer Orthodox Population is 70,000
Latvia Seventh-day Adventists Population is 4,000
Latvia Jehovah's Witnesses Population is 2,000
Latvia Methodists Population is 500
Latvia Buddhists Population is 100
Latvia Hare Krishnas Population is 500
Latvia Mormons Population is 2,000

Latvia Regions

Riga Region, Latvia - Population 1,098,523
Kurzeme Region, Latvia - Population 301,621
Latgale Region, Latvia - Population 343,646
Zemgale Region, Latvia - Population 281,928
Vidzeme Region, Latvia - Population 235,576
Latvia, Latvia - Population 2,261,294

Latvia State Government

The Latvian parliament maintains 100 members of unicameral body and the elections will take place for every four years. To elect the president by the saeima there will be a separate elections conducted which is also held for four years and the president has to appoint the prime minister and both of them together along with the cabinet have to form the executive branch of the government which has to receive a confidence vote by the Saeima. This system was also followed prior to World War II. The elections were conducted in the month of October on the first Saturday and the recent elections were taken place in 2006. Gundars Daudze is the current speaker of saeima since 2000. If the president of Latvia wants to dismiss the Saeima's decision and wants to conduct the elections before the tenure which involves a political risk to the president and even the risk involves loss of office too and till now no president came forward to take such a risk. The frame work of the politics of Latvia takes place parliamentary representative democratic republic, where by the Prime Minister is the head of government and of a multi-party system. The power of executive is functioned by the government and the legislative is fixed in both the government and parliament, the Saeima where as the Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Latvia State Economy

Latvia economy is fast mounting economy in European Union. Latvia is maintaining relations with World Trade Organization and Europe Union in trading. The Latvia economy is base on timber, wood products, agriculture, food products, and manufacturing. The agricultural outputs of Latvia are grain, rapeseed, potatoes, daily products, eggs and fish. Latvia manufacturings out puts are food items, wood products, textiles, metals, pharmaceuticals, cars, fibers and electronics. Latvia export items are food processing, wood products, metals, machinery and textiles and imported items are machinery, chemicals, fuels and vehicles. Latvia encourages foreign investments in Europe.

Latvia State Parks

Latvia constitutes four national parks. The Gauja National Park was found in 1973 on 14th September with an area of 917.45 sq km passes by from the north-east of Sigulda to south-west of Cesis along the valley of the Gauja River by which the park has got its name. It is located in Vidzeme and is also called the largest park of Latvia. Razna National Park called the third largest park of Latvia, which covers 532 sq km of area. It is located in Latgale region and was found in 2007 and was created to protect the surrounding area and even the Lake Razna which is known as the second largest lake of Latvia. Kemeri National Park has been declared as the third largest national park by its area of 381.65 sq km and was found in 1997. It is located the city of Jurmala of Latvia. It is mostly covered by forests and mires and the most important aspect is The Great Kemeri Moorland also several other sites, that are former lagoons of the Littorina Sea. This park is very much useful for protecting the famous natural mineral-springs and mud which are used in preparing therapeutic medicines and the springs to development many resorts, spas and sanitariums in the 19th century. Slitere National Park is located in Talsi district, Kurzeme on the west coast of Latvia and was found in 2000 and covers an area of 264.9 sq km and is based on the former Slitere Nature Reserve which is one of the oldest nature reserves in Baltic States.