Iceland rental properties are primarily found in the major metropolitan areas of Iceland. Common rental types found in Iceland are apartments, studios, lofts, one bedrooms, two bedrooms, condos, houses for rent, mobile homes, hotel rooms, vacation rental, furnished rentals short term rentals. Regions and cities if Iceland where housing rentals are found are All Cities, Capital Region, Eastern Region, Northeastern Region, Northwestern Region, Reykjavik, Southern Peninsula, Southern Region, Western Region, Westfjords. Vacation rentals, short term rentals and furnished housing are more common in the metropolitan areas of Iceland.
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Iceland is an European island, which is located in the North Atlantic Ocean. The capital and largest city is Reykjavik having two-third of national population. Its total area is of 103,000 sq km and it has a population of about 320,000. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active on a large scale. The settlement of Iceland began in AD874. ?Norwegian chieftain Ingolfur Arnarson is the first Norwegian permanent settler on the island. From 1262 to 1918 it was a part of the Norwegian and then to Danish monarchies. Icelandic population depends only on fisheries and agriculture. Compared to other OECD countries, it has free market economy with low taxes and also provides Nordic welfare system providing universal health care and tertiary education to the citizens of Iceland. Iceland is one of the wealthiest and most developed countries in the world. Icelandic culture is based on the Norse heritage. Its culture is now developed and technologically advanced society.
The culture of Iceland is rich and varied from 12th to 14th centuries and its traditional arts are weaving, silver crafting and wood carving. In the central of the Iceland have several theatres, a symphony orchestra, an opera and a large amount of art galleries, bookstores, cinemas and museums. Iceland's literacy rate is among the highest in the world. Icelandic culture has its roots in Norse traditions and its literature is popular. Iceland's best classical works of literature are Icalander's sagas, prose epics. Njals saga, epic blood feud, Grinlendinga saga and Eiriks saga and more are most famous literatures. Translated Bible was published in 16th century. One of the greatest writers is Halldor Laxness who received Nobel Prize for Literature in 1955.
In Iceland the education system is based on the American system and having four levels namely pre-school, compulsory, upper secondary and higher. Education is mandatory for the Six to sixteen aged children. The educational system has been decentralized. The Ministry of Education, Science and Culture is responsible for the policies and methods the schools must use. The administration and foundation of the play schools and the primary and lower secondary schools are the responsibilities of Municipalities. Nursery school is non-compulsory education for the children. The children who have more than six years must have education. The playschools are established in 1994, the bill was passed by the legislation. The school year lasts nine months and begins between 21 August and 1 September, ending between 31 May and 10 June. The minimum school days are 170 and then increased to 180 days. Lessons take place five days a week. Upper secondary education follows lower secondary education. It is not compulsory but everyone who had a compulsory education has the right to upper secondary education. By the act of 1996 this stage of education is issued by the government. The largest seat of higher education is the University of Iceland, which has its main campus in central Reykjavik.
The establishment of the Common wealth is in between 874-1262. The first people who visited Iceland were the members of Hiberno-Scottish mission or hermits also known as Papar in 8th century. With the arrival of Norsemen they have been settled systematically in the period AD 870-930. The first known permanent Norse settler was Ingolfur Arnarson. Christianity was adopted in the island in the period of 999-1000. The iceland is mainly depends on agriculture. Under the leadership of Jon Sigurosson, the iceland goes into the Icelandic independence movement. Due to Napoleonic Wars, Denmark-Norway was broken up into two separate kingdoms in 1814. With the King of Denmark, the Iceland is coming to an agreement and signed on 1st December 1918. During World War II with the Denmark it is in neutrality. By violating Icelandic neutrality British Armed Forces occupied Iceland. By inviting Iceland's government the defence of Iceland was taken over by the US. On May 20 1944, Iceland establish republic from the Denmark after expired the act of Union Agreement on 31 December 1943. Iceland formally became a republic on 17 June 1944 and its first president is Sveinn Bjornsson. It became the member of NATO on 30 March 1949.
The municipality Borgarbyggd is the heart of the West Iceland and its surroundings are beautiful and many interesting sightseeing like Borg, Mirum, Danielslundur, Einkunnir, Grabrok, Bifrost, Glanni and Paradisarlaut and also horse ridings. Fjaraabygga established in 1998 is located in east Iceland, relaxed atmosphere, towering mountains, rugged wilderness and breathtaking sights. In Neskaupstaur, tourists can find a good collection of birds, shellfish and stones and Carpenter museum. Lake Myvatn is a unique natural wonder in the Iceland, including various duck species, 22 species, Europe?s most powerful waterfall, Jokulsargljúfur national park. Heraubreia Mountain is considered the queen of all Icelandic mountains. Christianity is the state religion of Iceland the first bishop was isleifur Gissurarson, inaugurated in 1056 established a school for priests after his death Gissur became bishop. Skalholt was a populous place according to Icelandic standards.
The main form of transport is car and car ownership is a high level per capita. The Island has 13,034 KM (8,099mi) of administered roads. The road speed limits are 50km/h in towns and 80km/h on gravel country roads and 90 km/h is on hard-surfaced roads. There are no railways currently. The Ring Road also known as Rout1 was completed in 1974. There is a paved road and it is 1,337 km long. There is an International Airport in Keflavik, serves to the country as an international transport in general, 48 km (30 mi) to the west of Reykjavik, lies in the city centre. There are 103 registered airports and airfields in Iceland, most of them are unpaved and located in rural areas. The biggest airport in Iceland is Keflavik International Airport and the biggest airfield is Geitamelur a four-runway field around 100 km (62 mi) east of Reykjavik.
Iceland is a representative democracy and a parliamentary republic. The modern parliament was founded in 1845. The assembly which was re-establishment of the assembly founded in 930 in the Commonwealth period and suspended in 1799. It is the world?s oldest parliamentary democracy having 63 members who are elected for four years maximum. By the presidential elections the government and local councils are elected separately for every four years. The president of Iceland is largely ceremonial head of state. The head of government is the prime minister who is responsible for executive government. The cabinet is appointed by the president after a general election. Only when the party leaders are unable to reach a conclusion by themselves in a reasonable time, the president exercises this power and appoints the cabinet by him or herself. Iceland is divided into regions, constituencies, counties and municipalities.
Iceland has natural capitals economy mostly it has achieved a high standard of living and many years of economic constancy from the profits of its fish and energy resources. The country was the 7th most productive country in the world per capita in the year of 2007. Iceland's economy has gone through considerable changes in the last four years due to the failure of its financial sector in 2008. Agriculture is one of the major income sources for Iceland, the country major agricultural outputs are potatoes, green vegetables, pork, beef, live-stocks and fish. Aluminum, ferrosilicon, geothermal regency, hydropower and tourism are major manufacturing industries in the country. Iceland's major export outputs are fish stuffs, aluminum, animal products, ferrosilicon and diatomite and import products are machinery, petroleum products, food processing and textiles. Tourism is main important sector in Iceland, it has many tourist attractions.
National Park was established on June 28, 2001. The purpose of this park is to protect and conserve the areas, indigenous plant and animal life as well as important historical relics. Vatnajokull is the largest glacier in Iceland located in the south-east of the island with an area of 8,100 sq km. Dingvellir is a place in Blaskogarbygga in southwestern Iceland, first national park in the island founded in 1930 to protect the parliament site and then expanded to protect natural phenomena in the surrounding area. Skaftafell National Park is also referred as Klaustur was founded on September 15 1967 measures about 4807 sq km (2884 sq mi), Iceland's second largest national park.