Guatemala Information

Guatemala Rentals

Guatemala rental properties are primarily found in the major metropolitan areas of Guatemala. Common rental types found in Guatemala are apartments, studios, lofts, one bedrooms, two bedrooms, condos, houses for rent, mobile homes, hotel rooms, vacation rental, furnished rentals short term rentals. Regions and cities if Guatemala where housing rentals are found are All Cities, Alta Verapaz, Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Chiquimula, El Progreso, Escuintla, Guatemala, Huehuetenango, Izabal, Jalapa, Jutiapa, Peten, Quetzaltenango, Quiche, Retalhuleu, Sacatepequez, San Marcos, Santa Rosa, Solola, Suchitepequez, Totonicapan, Zacapa. Vacation rentals, short term rentals and furnished housing are more common in the metropolitan areas of Guatemala.

Guatemala Rental Areas

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Guatemala Rentals by Region

Guatemala Information by Region

Guatemala Information

Guatemala is originated in Central America. Pacific Ocean to the east, Caribbean Sea to the west, Mexico to the north and El Salvador to the south are the boundaries of this country. Guatemala was heart of the Maya indian civilization. The superior strength in Guatemala is Roman Catholic, but in Present years Evangelical religion is on the rise. Spanish is the official language of Guatemala people, but it is often changed as the second language among some of the indigenous population. Several agricultural exports like coffee, sugar, and bananas fill up one half of the labor force. This country is having many mountains. Most of the population is placed in the southern half of the country. This country is divided into 22 states, each of which having an individual capital city. Indigenous Indian people are the majority candidates in Guatemala.

Guatemala Recreation, Culture and Attractions

The Guatemala culture has a great influence on Mayan and Spanish culture. Guatemala adopts the games from Central American and Caribbean. The soccer nothing but a football is the Guatemala's most popular sport. The people who lived in Guatemala give more priority to the outdoor sports. The most popular outdoor sports are white-water rafting near Acatenango Volcano, kayaking on inland Lake Atitlan and along the Pacific coast, spelunking in the limestone labyrinths of the Peten plateau, and volcano climbing and mountain biking in the sierras above Antigua Guatemala. Snorkeling, deep-sea fishing, scuba diving, and surfing are also popular recreations among visitors to the Caribbean coast. Newspapers, radio and television stations are located within the capital. Most widely circulated newspapers are La Prensa Libre ("The Free Press"), El Grafico ("The Graphic"), La Hora ("The Hour"), and Siglo Veintiuno ("21st Century"). Siglo News is an English-language newspaper, a companion to Siglo Veintiuno. Diario de Centroamerica ("Central America Daily") is authorized by the government. Radio and television plays a major role in reaching large numbers of people, who are illiterate or who lived in remote areas of the country. Guatemala City is habitat to many of the nation's libraries and museums, including the National Archives, National Library, and the Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, which has an extensive collection of Maya artifacts. It also has so many private museums such as the Ixchel, which focuses on textiles, and the Popol Vuh, which focuses on Maya archaeology. Both museums are located inside the Universidad Francisco Marroquin campus. Miguel Angel Asturias won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1967. Some of his famous books are El Senor Presidente, a novel based on the government of Manuel Estrada Cabrera. Rigoberta Menchu won the Nobel Peace Prize for fighting oppression of indigenous people in Guatemala. She is very famous for her books I, Rigoberta Menchu and Crossing Borders. Guatemala Culture exhibits in the architectural attributes and many Mayan ruins and colonial buildings. Guatemala people prefer the traditional handmade clothing. Women's like to wear colorfully vibrant embroidered tunics, capes and skirts.

Guatemala Demographics

Guatemala total population - 13,550,440
Guatemala Mestizos population - 22.0%
Guatemala Kiche population - 9.1%
Guatemala Kaqchikel population - 8.4%
Guatemala Mam population - 7.9%
Guatemala Q'eqchi population - 6.3%
Guatemala Mayan population - 8.6%
Guatemala indigenous non-Mayan population - 0.2%
Guatemala other population - 0.1%
Guatemala Europeans population - 5.0%

Guatemala Education

Guatemala country is educationally very strong. Educational system in Guatemala is divided into three levels. Those are primary (elementary), secondary (high school) and university level education. Education in Guatemala is free and compulsory for children's who are in between the ages of 7 and 14. Because public schools are located in the rural areas of the country, there is a plenty of private schools in Guatemala. Most of these institutions are located in Marist and Jesuit. This country has 9,300 primary schools with 1.3 million students. 290,000 students attend private secondary schools, and the total university enrollments are 88,000. The main intention of this country education system is school children, at least in the larger cities, may have received training in other languages like French, German, and Italian. Here the major problem is lack of awareness on technology related aspects, especially in the mountainous, rural areas. The lack of technical commodities are making their entrance into the universities, particularly the University of San Carlos, which owns a fully updated website, student access to the Internet and other interactive features. Students who can yield the required technology and tuition may participate in online education courses. The Guatemalan Ministry of Education supports an advancing, globalized curriculum. These curriculums gives heeding to the social issues the country faces and encourages its students are active in helping to solve these problems. The country educational achievements are focus on globalization and multicultural affairs.

Guatemala State Symbols

Guatemala state Flag
Guatemala state Flag
Guatemala state Flower
Guatemala state Flower
White Nun Orchid (Monja Blanca)
Guatemala state Bird
Guatemala state Bird
Guatemala state Tree
Guatemala state Tree
Ceiba tree
Guatemala state Anthem
Guatemala state Anthem
Guatemala Feliz

Guatemala History

Guatemala and other Central American Spanish colonies are declared their independence on 15 September 1821. Guatemala belonged first to Mexico and then to a federation known as the United states of Central America until 1839. It was not having a proper constitution until 1945. That means it doesn't have guaranteeing civil and political rights for all people, including women and Indians, was adopted. Any way, Indians continued to be exploited and disrespectful way until recent years, when international opinion forced Ladino elites to modify their attitudes and behavior. During the 1970's and 1980's severe repression and violence was followed by a Mayan revitalization, that has gained strength since the signing of the Peace Accords in 1996. At that time Mayan languages, dress, and religious practices have been strengthened, acculturation to the national culture has continued. Now a days more Indians are becoming educated at all levels, including postgraduate university training. A few people have become professionals in medicine, engineering, journalism, law, and social work. The increasing rate of population pressure has forced many others out of agriculture and into cottage industries, factory work, merchandising, teaching, clerical work, and various white-collar positions in the towns and cities. After a long period of violence, many volunteers are appeal for the armed forces.

Guatemala Tourism

Guatemala has so many beautiful things in order to attract the tourists, including torrid jungles, active volcanoes, mountain lakes, mountain cloud forests, volcanic beaches and coral reefs. Make cloth by interlacing the threads of the weft and the warp on a loom is a popular business with a rainbow of colors found in the villages. Each indigenous village has its own unique pattern and color. The "Biennale of Chianciano" is a most prestigious museum exhibition and is an award staged one. This is organised by the Chianciano Art Museum. The exhibition is staged over 2000 square meters of the Museum and gathers some of the best talents in the world. Tikal is a National Park located in Peten gives a great experience with nature. Walking through the jungle, the tourist may find many temples and any body can climb them, to admire Maya architecture in harmony with the nature around it. The travel trip gives a wonderful experience to see the monkeys, peacocks, snakes, pizotes (coatamundi), toucans, and many kinds of birds. This park is having a hotel and museum inside it. The "Semuc Champey" is a valley surrounded by a forest near by Alta Verapaz and has stiff walls. There's a bridge, on top of which there are some natural distinct sized pools filled with fresh and crystalline water. This bridge is established on the Cahabon River. At the end of the bridge, the water from the pools falls are rejoining into the river and formed as a waterfall. This trip consists of so many activities to do. Those are swimming, hiking, canopy, and bird watching. The water color is changed depending upon the season, sunlight, and other conditions. Antigua Guatemala is a colonial city located in Sacatepequez. It has so many buildings. This is the city surrounded by the history and embraces the tourist with its beauty. Baroque is the most famous architecture found in Antigua. Pacaya Volcano is one of the most climbed volcanoes in the country, located near Guatemala City. The view is amazing, because tourist can see other volcanoes from there and can take very good pictures. Atitlan is a lake originated in Solola. This is a beautiful lake surrounded by 12 colorful towns and three volcanoes (San Pedro, Atitlan and Toliman). Here the tourist may observe some Mayan archaeological sites like Sambaj and Chiutinamit, which are underwater cities.

Guatemala Transportation

Guatemala has a long road ways of 13,856 km (8,610 mi). In that only 4,370 km (2,715 mi) was covered with a firm surface including 140 km (87 mi) of expressways. Nearly 113,391 taxies and 127,986 commercial vehicles were registered for transportation. Two international highway crossings are observed in Guatemala. Those are 824-km (512-mi) Franklin D. Roosevelt Highway (part of the Pan American Highway system) and the Pacific Highway. Railway system in Guatemala operates 90% of the 884 km (549 mi) of narrow-gauge railway. Some of the rivers and lakes play a major role in commercial navigation of goods. Puerto Barrios and Santo Tomas on the Caribbean coast are Guatemala's chief ports. This country doesn't have any registered cargo chips for the purpose of transportation. Guatemala had 475 airports, but only 11 of them are having a paved runway. The Guatemala government owned Aviateca has a monopoly on scheduled domestic service and provide communication facilities to other Central American countries such as Jamaica, Mexico, and the US.

Guatemala Taxes

Guatemala Country Income Tax - 31%
Guatemala Country Corporate Tax - 31%
Guatemala Country VAT - 12%
Guatemala Country Capital gains Tax - 10%
Guatemala Country Fixed assets Tax - 7%
Guatemala Country Interest Tax - 10%

Guatemala Universities

Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, Guatemala City, Guatemala - 3,000 students

Guatemala Religions

Guatemala Catholic Population is 59%
Guatemala Protestant Population is 40%
Guatemala indigenous mayan faith Population is 1%

Guatemala Departments

Alta Verapaz, Guatemala - Population 776,246
Baja Verapaz, Guatemala - Population 215,915
Chimaltenango, Guatemala - Population 446,133
Chiquimula, Guatemala - Population 302,485
El Progreso, Guatemala - Population 139,490
Escuintla, Guatemala - Population 538,746
Guatemala, Guatemala - Population 2,541,581
Huehuetenango, Guatemala - Population 846,544
Izabal, Guatemala - Population 314,306
Jalapa, Guatemala - Population 242,926
Jutiapa, Guatemala - Population 389,085
Peten, Guatemala - Population 366,735
Quetzaltenango, Guatemala - Population 624,716
Quiche, Guatemala - Population 655,510
Retalhuleu, Guatemala - Population 241,411
Sacatepequez, Guatemala - Population 248,019
San Marcos, Guatemala - Population 794,951sss
Santa Rosa, Guatemala - Population 301,370
Solola, Guatemala - Population 307,661
Suchitepequez, Guatemala - Population 403,945
Totonicapan, Guatemala - Population 339,254
Zacapa, Guatemala - Population 200,167

Guatemala Government

The government of Guatemala has Constitutional democratic republic. This country had the independence on September 15, 1821. According to the constitution of Guatemala, it provides a separation of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. In 1993 the constitution was reformed with an increase the number of Supreme Court justices from 9 to 13. This reform reduced the terms of period for president, vice president, and congressional representatives from 5 years to 4 years and for Supreme Court justices from 6 years to 5 years and increase the terms of mayors and city councils from 2-1/2 years to 4 years. National Union for Hope (UNE), Grand National Alliance (GANA), Patriot Party (PP), Guatemalan Republican Front (FRG), National Advancement Party (PAN), Unionists (PU) and Encounter for Guatemala (EG) are the major political parties. Adults and over who are not having rights to serving on active duty with the armed forces or police. So many procedural obstacles are historically reduced participation by poor, rural, and indigenous people, but implementation in 2007 of voting reform legislation doubled the number of polling places, which results the higher participation in rural areas to utilize their voting rights.

Guatemala Geography

Most of the area in Guatemala is filled with mountains consisting of narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau. Republic of Guatemala is the official name of this country. The climate information of this country is hot in lowlands and cool in highlands. The latitudes and longitudes of this country are 13°, 18°N and 88° and 93°W. The total area of Guatemala is 108,890 sq. km. (42,042 sq. mi.). Guatemala City is the capital city of Guatemala. Other major cities of this country include Quetzaltenango, Escuintla. This country having three main regions such as cool highlands with the heaviest population, the tropical area along the Pacific and Caribbean coasts, and the tropical jungle in the northern lowlands.

Guatemala Parks

Guatemala has so many beautiful things like parks, lakes and hill stations. Cerro El Baúl is a forest hill located in the valley of Quetzaltenango. It covers an area of 2.40 km. This park is in a serious threat due to prohibited extraction of trees and advancing urbanization crossing the park borders. Cerro Miramundo is a hill area covered with dry shrubland located south of the city of Zacapa. The total area occupied by this is 9.02 km. Cerro El Reformador is a hill area located in El Progreso offers a great view of the surrounding landscape. El Rosario National Park is located in El Peten. It covers an area of 11.05 km. It consists of a lake which seems to be larger in rainy season. Grutas de Lanquin is a large limestone cave located on the west of Lanquin in Alta Verapaz. Here tourist may observe Rock formation inside the caves. Laguna Lachua is a Karstic lake located in the northwest of Coban. It has an area of 4 km. The water in lake has a sulphurous smell. El Pino Lake is a lake located 30 km southeast of Guatemala City, in the municipality of Barberena in the Santa Rosa state. This lake has a surface area of 0.72 km and depth of 18 m. This lake water is used for subsistence fishing, sport fishing and swimming. Las Victorias National Park located in Alta Verapaz. Las Victorias was designated a national park in 1980. This park covers an area of 82 ha and is managed by the National Forestry Institute (INAB). Sipacate-Naranjo National Park is located on the Pacific coast of Escuintla in Guatemala. The park consists of mangrove forests, lagoons and sandy beaches and it covers an area of 20 km long and 1 km wide, stretching between the coastal towns of Sipacate and Naranjo.

Guatemala Economy

The economic structure of Guatemala is mainly based on the exports of agricultural products, including coffee, sugar, bananas, cardamom, vegetables, flowers and plants, timber, rice and rubber. Oil, timber, nickel and gold are the natural resources of this country and trading of these products give major economic growth to this country. Another important factor is manufacturing supports to stand this country as economically strong. The manufacturing products are clothing and textiles, construction material, tires and pharmaceuticals. This country imports some products such as machinery and equipment, fuels, mineral products, chemical products, vehicles and transport materials and plastic materials from other countries. The major suppliers to this country include U.S, Central American Common Market (CACM), Mexico and China.