Finland rental properties are primarily found in the major metropolitan areas of Finland. Common rental types found in Finland are apartments, studios, lofts, one bedrooms, two bedrooms, condos, houses for rent, mobile homes, hotel rooms, vacation rental, furnished rentals short term rentals. Regions and cities if Finland where housing rentals are found are Aland, Eastern Finland, Helsinki, Lapland, Oulu, Southern Finland, Western Finland, All Cities. Vacation rentals, short term rentals and furnished housing are more common in the metropolitan areas of Finland.
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Finland is situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe and it is a Nordic country and the boundaries are Sweden on the west, Norway on the north and Russia on the east and Helenski is the capital city. The population is of around 5.4 millions. Most of the population lives in the southern part of the country. In terms of area it stands in eighth position in Europe. Finland is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in Helsinki and local governments in 342 municipalities. The total of about 1 million people lives in the capital city which includes Helsinki, Espoo, Kauniainen and Vantaa. Tampere, Turku, Oulu, Jyvaskyla, Kuopio and Lahti are the major cities of Finland. In 1917, it declared independence from Russia which was followed by a civil war against the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany. Historically it was the part of Sweden with in the Russian empire. In a survey based on social, economic, political and military indicators, Finland has been ranked the second most stable country in the world. In 1970s it has been reached the world's top in income levels due to the rapid economic development. The country has been ranked 1st in the 2009 Legatum Prosperity rating, which is based on economical performance and quality of life. It has been placed in the many international performances such as the share of high-technology manufacturing and health care.
The Finnish follows the country's national language of Finno-Ugric with common Nordic and European culture. The Finland has been influenced by its adjacent areas with various Finnic, Baltic and Germanic peoples as well as the former dominant powers Sweden and Russia due to its history and geographical location. There are some minor differences in accents and vocabulary. Some of the minorities enjoy the facilities provided by the state government such as the Sami, Swedish-speaking Finns, Romani, Jews and Tatar and maintain their own cultural characteristics. The basic national sport is cross-country skiing which is also a means of winter transport. The development and growth was fostered by ski fairs and competitions held at Oulu beginning in the late 1890s. In 1906 Finns took part in the Olympic Games which held in Athens which led to development of interest in athletics. On the 550th anniversary the "Old Rauma" made its entry in the UNESCO's World Heritage List. The most impressive of Finland is the oldest harbors and an array of ancient vernacular architecture. The designs of the preserved buildings have been actively used in the crafts making such as lace makers, goldsmiths and furniture. The Franciscan Holy Cross Church and the Rauma Museum of fifteenth century which is situated in the town hall are worth enough to have a glimpse. The nineteenth century churches and cathedrals, includes the Major attractions in Helsinki the grand Senate Square, ornate. Saima, being the biggest lakes of Finland where Laid-back boat tours and world-class fishing around the thousands of islands of the Archipelago which attracts many travelers during the summers. Santa Claus the most famous resident of Finland and Lapland is also being the major attractions for the travelers. The boundaries of Finland are Russia to the east, Norway to the north and Sweden to the West. The climatic conditions have been regulated by the North Atlantic current and its thousands of lakes which keep the temperature relatively moderate in condition. Helsinki being the capital city and treated as the first stop for the most of the tourist which offers cosmopolitan comforts which including posh hotels, clubs, cafes & nightlife.
The education system of Finnish is comprised of nine basic years, prior to this one year is preceded to voluntary pre-primary education, upper secondary education which constitutes vocational and general education and then higher education which is provided by the universities and polytechnics and even there is adults education is provided at all levels. In Finland after the higher education and training, there is an orderly and consistent learning pathway is taught at the early childhood education and before- and after-school activities for the support of children's development, growth and well being. The student's progress from one level to the other has been safeguarded by the legislation. The certificates of both general and vocational upper secondary allow the students to move on for their further studies in universities and polytechnics. The each level of qualification will be governed by a separate Act of parliament. The basic education for the students is free. The upper secondary education constitutes of general education, vocational education and training, where as the higher education constitutes universities and polytechnics, in which the admission requirement is a secondary general or vocational diploma. The academic or artistic institutional Universities focus on the research based education, which provides the Bachelor's, Master's, licentiate and doctoral degrees. The Polytechnics offer the education which is related to the work requirement in the market. The degree of polytechnic requires 3.5 - 4.5 years of full-time study and the Master's degree for polytechnic requires degree or equivalent, plus a minimum of three years of experience in the field concerned. The education for adults is provided at all levels of education. They can get educated for the general education certificate or for a vocational qualification and even study in modules and can take over other courses developing citizenship and work skills, or pursue recreational studies. The welfare of the country is built on the education, culture and knowledge. All the students are guaranteed for different opportunities according to their abilities, irrespective of their place of residence, language or financial status.
At the beginning of 8500 BCE and immediately after the ice age Finland made up its land area. During the 13th century in 1809 most part of the Finland was under the control of Sweden and was ceded to the Russian Empire becoming the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland. The catastrophic Finnish famine of 1866-1868 was followed easily by the economic regulation and political development. Finland declared it's independence in 1917. There was a civil war between the Finnish Red Guards and the White Guard ensued a few months later with the "Whites" gaining the upper hand. After the internal affairs became strong the agricultural economy developed gradually. The relations with Sweden and United Kingdom were strong enough but with the Soviet Union left weak due to the pre World-War II relation. Finland fought twice against the Soviet Union, and had to transfer most of Karelia to the USSR and remained with an independent democracy. There was an Agreement of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Understanding occurred during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and Finland and such phenomena is called as finlandization and radical socialism is called as "taistolaisuus" were part of internal affairs. The tenure of president "Urho Kekkonen" lasted for 25 years from 1956 until 1981. The rate of GDP per capita has been reached world's highest levels in the 1970 through out the independent history of Finland which maintained a capitalist economy. The tax burden and the number of public sector employees have been increased by more then any other western country between 1970 and 1990. Finland has been faced the economic depressions in the local markets and joined the European Union in 1995.
The sudden growth in the tourism can be contributed to the globalization and modernization of the country as well as a rise in positive publicity and enlighten. There are many beautiful attractions in the Finland; in 2005 it attracted over 4 million visitors. The landscape is covered with a thickly pined forest with rolling hills and with attractive labyrinth of lakes and inlets where one can easily get lost. Most of the mountains covered by the white snow and it comprises of 35 national parks from the Southern shores of the Gulf of Finland. Being an urbanized region many cultural activities will take place. The commercial cruises or ocean trips among the major coastal and port cities in the Baltic region, including Helsinki, Turku, Tallinn, Stockholm and Travemünde plays a vital role in local tourism. It has been regarded has the home of Saint Nicholas or Santa Claus, living in the northern Lapland region. There is a polar night above the Arctic Circle where the sun would not be visible for days or weeks, or even months. In winter the atmospheric fluorescence is visible from the far north of the Aurora Borealis. The tourist can enjoy the view of abundant wild life. The Bird-watching and hunting is popular. Olavinlinna in Savonlinna hosts the annual Savonlinna Opera Festival. The value of tourism is about 2.4 percent and provides about 60,000 jobs provided. The Finland brand is stated by the Finland Promotion Board which has about four main dimensions beginning with letter C: Cool, Contrasts, Credible and Creative.
The transport system of Finland is very well developed and is largely used by the internal cargo and passenger traffic. The total length of the main roads is of 13,258 km and public roads of 50,616 km are paved and about the motorway it measures about 653 km as of 2005. The expenditure of the Road network is of around 1 billion euro and is paid with vehicle and with the fuel taxes which amount to 1.5 billion euro. The main international airport is Helsinki-Vantaa with over 13 million passenger capacity. There are about 25 airports which have been rendered for the passenger services and are financed by the competitors. The Helsinki-Vantaa and the Blue1 and Finncomm Airlines provide the air services both for the domestic and international. Helsinki has an optimal or restricted for great circle routes between Western Europe and the Far East. Hence, many international travelers visit Helsinki on a stop-over between Asia and Europe. Despite of its low population density, the annual expenditure for the tax payers is of 350 million euro in maintaining 5,865 km railway tracks even to many rural towns. The operations are not taken up by the government but it has been privatized and presently the only operator who is taking care is VR but it quotes around 5 percent passenger market share out of which 80 percent are urban trips in Greater Helsinki and rest of 25 percent is for cargo market share. The largest port container is Vuosaari harbour which is completed in 2008. The prices of Port logistics were lowest in OECD. From Helsinki and Turku there is a passenger traffic which has transporting connection to Tallinn, Mariehamn, Sweden and several other destinations. The busy Helsinki-Tallinn route is also served by a helicopter line.
Finland is a representative democracy with a semi-presidential parliamentary system. Besides the state elections, there are also municipal and European Union elections will be held. According to the Constitutional Act, the President of Finland is the head of state and responsible for foreign policy (which excludes affairs related to the European Union) in cooperation with the cabinet. Tarja Halonen is the current president of Finland and his term is for six years and maximum for two consecutive terms and will be voted directly by the people. The other powers of Finland comprised include Commander-in-Chief, decree and appointive powers. The Parliament of Finland is unicameral with 200 members who have to perform the duties of the supreme legislative authority. The parliament may bring about the resignation of the Council of State and override presidential vetoes. The acts are not the review of judiciary but the various committee members of the parliament have to listen to their superiors and then prepare the legislation. The parliament has been elected for a term of four years by the multi-seat constituencies in a Proportional vote. The speaker of the Finland is headed by the Prime Minister of Finland and includes ministers and the Chancellor of Justice. Matti Vanhanen is the present prime minister. The parliament has been dominated by the Centre Party (former Agrarian Union), National Coalition Party and Social Democrats which have approximately equal support and represents 65-80 percent of voters. In 1906, equal and common suffrage was introduced.
Finland economy is mainly depending on industries and it was free market. In rural areas the economy is based on Forestry, paper industry and agricultural. Finland rank was 2nd in technology in 2004 by OECD. In Europe region Finland rank was 4th economy after Sweden, Denmark and United Kingdom. Trading is also play vital role for country economy. The agricultural outputs of Finland are barley, wheat, honey beets, potatoes, cattle and fish. Metals, electronics, machineries, ships, pulp, paper, food processes, chemicals and textiles these are some of the manufacturing products of Finland. Finland export products are electrical tools, machinery, transport tools, paper, pulp, chemicals, metals and timber and the imported items are food items, petroleum, chemicals, transport goods, iron, steel, machinery, computers, textiles, fabrics and grains.
Finland has 35 national parks which are managed by the Metsahallitus. The parks cover total land area of 2.5 percent and cover an area of 8,150 square kilometers, as of 2007 1.7 million people visited the parks. Archipelago National Park has been established in 1983 and covers an area of around 500 square kilometers of land area. It had received a PAN Parks certificate in 2007 and is the part of the UNESCO biosphere reserves and is located in Finland proper. Eastern Gulf of Finland National Park is situated in the region of Kymenlaakso in Finland. It was found in 1982 and covers an area of 6.7 square kilometers (2.6 sq mi) on land. This park comprises of islands and islets some of which grow into a forest of pine trees. Ekenas Archipelago National Park is located in the Ekenas archipelago in the region of Uusimaa and has been maintained by Metsahallitus (Ministry of Forestry) and covers around 52 square kilometers (20 sq mi). Helvetinjarvi National Park is located in the region of Pirkanmaa in Finland and is situated in the municipality of Ruovesi and covers an area of 49.8 square kilometers (19.2 sq mi) and was established in 1982 and is managed by the Metsahallitus. Hiidenportti National Park is located in the region of Sotkamo in the Kainuu of Finland and was found in 1982 to preserve the regions of wilderness and covers an area of 45 square kilometers (17 sq mi) and the mosaic mix of mires and dry forests is being a typical and beautiful view for the visitors.