Colombia Information

Colombia Rentals

Colombia rental properties are primarily found in the major metropolitan areas of Colombia. Common rental types found in Colombia are apartments, studios, lofts, one bedrooms, two bedrooms, condos, houses for rent, mobile homes, hotel rooms, vacation rental, furnished rentals short term rentals. Regions and cities if Colombia where housing rentals are found are All Cities, Amazonas CO, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlantico, Bogota, Bolivar CO, Boyaca, Caldas, Caqueta, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Choco, Cordoba CO, Cundinamarca, Guainia, Guaviare, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Narino, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindio, Risaralda, San Andres Providencia, Santander, Sucre CO, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaupes, Vichada. Vacation rentals, short term rentals and furnished housing are more common in the metropolitan areas of Colombia.

Colombia Rental Areas

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Colombia Information

Formally Colombia is known as the Republic of Colombia. It is a constitutional republic situated in the northwestern South America. Colombia shares its border with Venezuela and Brazil on the east, Colombia and Peru on the south, Caribbean Sea on the north, Panama on the northwest; and Pacific Ocean on the west. Colombia has water borders with Venezuela, Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. In the world rating, Colombia stands 29th place for largest population and second place in the South America. There are majority of Spanish-speaking people in Colombia. The region of present "Colombia" was initially occupied by native people comprising the Muisca, Quimbaya, and Tairona. The Spanish came into existence from the year 1499 and started an era of invasion and migration makes the Viceroyalty of New Granada and the capital as Bogota. Lombia is ranked center authority as the fourth largest economy in Latin America. Colombia is very culturally assorted, and the relations between descendants of the original local people, Spanish colonists, Africans carried as slaves and twentieth-century settlers from Europe and the Middle East has formed an affluent enriching customs. The geography of Colombia is diverse. The popular of the urban centers are situated in the highlands of the Andes mountains, but Colombian region also includes Amazon rainforest, sultry plain and both Caribbean and Pacific coastlines. Colombia is considered as one of the world's 17th mega diverse countries.

Colombia Recreation, Culture and Attractions

The Colombia has diverse culture. Inhabitant from America, Spanish, African, Caribbean, and Middle Eastern American, and the other Latin American and European countries made their cultural influences on Colombia's modern culture. Urban relocation, industrialization, globalization, and other political, social and economic reforms have their notion in Colombia. Current convey connections and the ways of messaging have improved to promote a intellect of nationhood, but public and political volatility, and in scrupulous qualms of armed groups and bandits on intercity highways, have added to the safeguarding of awfully obvious local disparity. Pronunciation, costume, music, food, politics and general approach diverged to a great extent among the Bogotanos and other people of the mid moorlands, the paisas of Antioquia and the coffee area, the costenos of the Caribbean shore, the llaneros of the eastern plains, and the population of the Pacific coast and the enormous Amazon area to the south east. The magnificent sites in Colombia were mainly in the remote areas. Local cultural and industrial fairs are conducted in different branches of the nation to commemorate events of regional significance. They are regime sponsors with the backing of current resources of communication, have encouraged and conserved accepted tunes and dances as well as traditional costumes. Carnivals in Colombia differ regionally, but the pre-Lenten celebration is principally renowned countrywide, attaining a meticulous strength at Barranquilla and in another place beside the Caribbean coast. Prearranged games have developed progressively in attractiveness among the Colombians, and lacking issues the nearly all extensively played and observed sport is football. The main strong football oppositions are involving couple of teams in each of the three biggest cities. They are Millonarios and Santa Fe in Bogota, Nacional and Deportivo Independiente in Medellin, and America and Deportivo in Cali. The Colombian national team has experienced for some World Cup finals.

Colombia Demographics

Colombia total Population - 45,586,233
Colombia male Population - 21,578,481
Colombia female Population - 22,104,891
Colombia Mestizo, Population - 26,440,015
Colombia White, Population - 9,117,246
Colombia Mulatto, Population - 6,382,072
Colombia Afro-Colombian, Population - 1,823,449
Colombia Zambo, Population - 1,367,586
Colombia Amerindian, Population - 455,862

Colombia Education

The education system in Colombia comprises of nursery school, elementary school, high school, technical instruction and university education. The prime cause for the speedy growth of the education system was the enormous augment in public outlay for learning. The fundamental target for Colombian to get educated is 11 grades. Once the children start how to read and write, they are shifted to the elementary school. The fees for kindergarten facilities provided are expensive. The education division has developed like to explode at all stages from the beginning of 1960s. A range of amendments in the national legislation confined education amplified national regime liability in education funding. The crucial reforms made were the nationalization laws which in 1960 and 1975 moved financial liability for primary education and secondary education to the national government respectively. The official education of 5 years is mandatory. In Grade 1, generally a pupil must be of 6 years. The completion rate for children attending elementary school in 2001 totaled 89.5 percent. The lack of accessible institutions to achieve the complete exposure of the children's population, the public education system has implemented the "automatic promotion" as regular practice. Secondary education is classified into the basic secondary and mid secondary. The grades 6th to 9th form the basic secondary whereas the grades 10th and 11th form the mid secondary. Mid secondary school is often known as Vocational school. It offers a range of technical, arts and academic schools to select from. Technical schools access specific guidance in industrial subjects like mechanics, industrial chemistry, welding, and farming. It also offers commercial topics like accounting, office clerk. Further schools focus in religious studies like Seminar schools for upcoming Catholic priests, and teaching for pre-school and elementary teaching. To regulate the access college or technical education, high school pupils have to take the State Test "pruebas de estado" offered by Instituto Colombiano para el Fomento de la Education Superior - ICFES. Higher education is categorized into under-graduate degrees and post-graduate degrees and is synchronized by the 30th law of 1992. The majority of the university degrees are 5 years long. Technical structure regularly lasts for 3 years. Post-graduate education consists of specialty, masters and PhD programs.

Colombia Symbols

Colombia state Flag
Colombia Flag
Colombia state Flower
Colombia Flower
Orchid Cattleya trianae
Colombia state Bird
Colombia Bird
Andean Condor or Vultur gryphus
Colombia state Motto
Colombia Motto
Liberty and Order
Colombia state Anthem
Colombia Anthem
O unfading glory!
Colombia state Tree
Colombia Tree
Quindio wax palm or Ceroxylon quindiuense

Colombia History

In the pre-Colombian age, the region now famous as Colombia was occupied by native citizens who were ancient hunters or wandering farmers. The Chibchas who stayed in the Bogota area conquered the assorted Indian groups. Spaniards initial sailed all along the north coast of Colombia as in the beginning of 1500 but their foremost stable agreement at Santa Marta was not launched till 1525. In 1549 the region was well-known as a Spanish colony with Santa fe de Bogota as its capital. Bogota further developed as the capital of the Viceroyalty of the New Granada and it comprised of present Venezuela Colombia and Panama. To confront the Spanish power, the people of Bogota formed the primary envoy committee on July 20 1810. The complete freedom was declared in the year 1813. The formation of the Republic of Greater Colombia was done in the year 1819. A tough national regime coalition with the Roman Catholic Church and a partial license was created by the Conservative Party supporter. Santander adherent's precursor of the moderates required a decentralized regime state instead of church direction over education and other civil matters and an expanded suffrage. In July 1957 earlier Conservative President Laureano Gomez who ruled from 1950-53 and previous Liberal President Alberto Lleras Camargo who ruled from 1945-46 subjected the "Declaration of Sitges in which they projected a National Front" whereby the Liberal and Conservative parties would preside over mutually. An immense crowd of European settlers from lithuania, france, italy and more entered Colombia as the consequence of the second world war and the cold war started. The regime paid attention on concluding the restricted but constant Cuban-backed rebellion that required demoralizing Colombia's customary self-governing system. The victory of the regime's hard work made possible for them to boost the state-of-siege verdict that had been in outcome for the last 30 years. The negotiating period ruined as the independent coalition/M-19 (AD/M-19) guerrillas continued the warfare again in 1985. A fierce assault on the Palace de justicio in Bogota by the AD/M-19 on November 6-7 1985 and its aggressive containment by the Army stunned Colombia and the whole earth. The succeeding management had to challenge mutually with the guerrillas and the narcotics traffickers who controlled with virtual impunity inside Colombia. Narco-terrorists eliminated three presidential candidates prior to Cesar Gaviria Trujillo were elected in 1990. President Ernesto Samper implied office in August 1994. Samper pledged to persist several of the fiscal and overseas strategy targets of the Gaviria government as also placing superior prominence on tackling social discrimination and abolishing deficiency.

Colombia Tourism

Colombia tourism comprised of a diversity of significant places in Colombia that are a foremost cause of attraction to the visitors of Colombia. Currently Colombia is one of the most preferred traveler consorts. It has linked with the whole World with two means of ways. They are the airways and waterways. Tourism in Colombia embellishes largely in the dry season i.e., from December to March and July to August. It is throughout these months that one can enjoy the real attractiveness of this area. Moreover, the moderate weather of the nation includes more enthusiasm to the amusement of touring in Colombia. An additional cause for the bang in the Colombia tourism is the reality that it presents the lot in one roof. There are beaches as well as the plateaus, rain forests as well as the mountain ranges. The severe domestic armed disagreements frightened the tourists from visiting Colombia, with official journey advisories cautioning aligned with journey to the nation. The advancement in safety ensuing from President Alvaro Uribe's "democratic security" plan, which has incorporated major augments in armed powers and police existence during the nation and short of revolt collections additional left from the major cities, highways and tourist sites possible to draw global guests. Colombia was nominated as one of the top ten world destinations in the year 2006. The famous visitor attractions comprised of the momentous Candelaria district of central Bogota, the walled city and beaches of Cartagena, the colonial towns of Santa Fe de Antioquia, Popayan, Villa de Leyva and Santa Cruz de Mompox, and the Las Lajas Sanctuary and the Salt Cathedral of Zipaquira. Sightseers are moreover attracted to Colombia's frequent festivals, counting Medellin's Festival of the Flowers, the Barranquilla Carnival, the Carnival of Blacks and Whites in Pasto and the Ibero-American Theater Festival in Bogota. In the meantime, as of the enhanced protection, Caribbean cruise ships presently take a halt at Cartagena and Santa Marta. The enormous range in geography, flora and fauna across Colombia has also resulted in the expansion of an ecotourism industry, strenuous in the nation's national parks. Famous ecotourist sites are along the Caribbean coast, the Tayrona National Natural Park in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range and Cabo de la Vela on the tip of the Guajira Peninsula; the Nevado del Ruiz volcano, the Cocora valley and the Tatacoa Desert in the central Andean region; Amacayacu National Park in the Amazon River basin; and the Pacific islands of Malpelo and Gorgona. The seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites are in Colombia.

Colombia Transportation

The Mountainous region of Colombia has perpetual impediment to economic growth. The Ministry of Transport controls the transport network in Colombia. The road and rail networks extended slowly, the nation was not effortlessly navigated by any resources in anticipation of the conclusion of local and international airports in the 1940s. Travelling by road is very common in Colombia. Liability for roads was authorized by the municipal, departmental, and national units, in the organization of the Ministry of Public Works. Resources behind road ventures were attained from local public returns, the National Highway Fund, and loans from advancing societies. Fuel taxes and toll compilation were the foremost basis of local funds. The funds for roads production were organized by World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in 1987. The nation has finely expanded air and waterway routes. Waterways play a vital role for the transportation in Colombia. Around 3,034 kilometers or 1,885 miles of rail lines are there in Colombia. The rail system in Colombia was undersized. The national railroad system, the major means for transport has been ignored for years. Passenger-rail employ was hanged in 1992 and recommenced at the end of the 1990s. This advancement occupied two main assignments. They are the 1,484-kilometer line connecting Bogota to the Caribbean Coast and the 499-kilometer Pacific coastal network that associates the industrial city of Cali and the neighboring coffee- rising area to the port of Buenaventura. The aviation division in Colombia is handled by the Special Administrative Unit of Civil Aeronautics. The migration matters are directed by the the Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad (DAS). Colombia has clear and expanded air routes and a predictable sum of 984 airports, 100 of which have lined runways, plus two heliports.

Colombia Taxes

Colombia Country Corporate Tax - 33%
Colombia Country Personal Income Tax - 10 to 35%
Colombia Country Value Added Tax (VAT) - 16%
Colombia Country Patrimony Tax - 0.3%
Colombia Country Rental Income Tax - 27.7%
Colombia Country Wealth tax - 1.2%
Colombia Country Real Estate Tax - 0.1 to 1.6 %
Colombia Country Property Tax - 0.002 to 0.015%

Colombia Universities

National University of Colombia, Bogota, D.C., Cundinamarca, Colombia - 44,939 Students
National Pedagogic University, Bogota, Cundinamarca, Colombia - 7,054 Students
University of the Llanos, Villavicencio, Meta, Colombia - 5,318 Students
Francisco Jose de Caldas District University, Bogota, Colombia - 24,825 Students
Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander, Cucuta, Norte de Santander, Colombia - 14,523Students
Industrial University of Santander, Bucaramanga, Santander, Colombia - 17,000 Students
University of Antioquia, Medellín, Antioquía, Colombia - 34,096 Students
University of Atlantico, Barranquilla, Atlantico, Colombia - 12,248 Students
University of Cauca, Popayan, Cauca, Colombia - 11,800 Students
University of Cordoba, Montería, Cordoba, Colombia - 11,545 Students
University of Narino, Pasto, Narino, Colombia - 9,867 Students
Universidad de Sucre, Sincelejo, Sucre, Colombia - 3,574 Students
University of Valle, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia - 30,320 Students
Pontifical Bolivarian University, Medellín, Colombia - 21,912 Students
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Cundinamarca, Colombia - 21,529 Students
El Rosario University, Bogota, D.C., Cundinamarca, Colombia - 6,000 Students
Saint Thomas University, Bogota, D.C., Cundinamarca, Colombia - 22,115 Students

Colombia Religions

Colombia Roman Catholic Population is 90%
Colombia Other(Protestant, Eastern Orthodox, Mormon, Jewish and Muslim) religions Population 10%

Colombia Departments

Amazonas, Colombia - Population 80,360
Antioquia, Colombia - Population 5,750,478
Arauca, Colombia - Population 282,302
Atlántico, Colombia - Population 2,365,663
Bolívar, Colombia - Population 2,229,967
Boyaca, Colombia - Population 1,411,239
Caldas, Colombia - Population 1,170,187
Caqueta, Colombia - Population 463,333
Casanare, Colombia - Population 325,713
Cauca, Colombia - Population 1,363,054
Cesar, Colombia - Population 1,050,303
Choco, Colombia - Population 413,173
Cordoba, Colombia - Population 1,392,905
Cundinamarca, Colombia - Population 9,467,562
Guainía, Colombia - Population 43,314
Guaviare, Colombia - Population 133,236
Huila, Colombia - Population 994,218
La Guajira, Colombia - Population 524,619
Magdalena, Colombia - Population 1,403,318
Meta, Colombia - Population 771,089
Narino, Colombia - Population 1,775,139
Norte, Colombia - Population 1,493,932
Putumayo, Colombia - Population 378,483
Quindío, Colombia - Population 613,375
Risaralda, Colombia - Population 1,024,362
San Andres and Providencia, Colombia - Population 83,491
Santander, Colombia - Population 2,085,084
Sucre, Colombia - Population 868,648
Tolima, Colombia - Population 1,312,972
Valle del Cauca, Colombia - Population 4,524,678
Vaupes, Colombia - Population 33,152
Vichada, Colombia - Population 97,276

Colombia Geography

Colombia is considered as the division of the Ring of Fire, a area of the world focussed to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, Colombia is conquered by the Andes mountains. Colombia is known as the Republic of Colombia. It is a constitutional republic situated in the northwestern South America. Colombia shares its border with Venezuela and Brazil on the east, Colombia and Peru on the south, Caribbean Sea on the north, Panama on the northwest; and Pacific Ocean on the west. Colombia has water borders with Venezuela, Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. In the world rating, Colombia stands 29th place for largest population and second place in the South America. There are three mountain ranges called as the cordilleras. They are the Cordillera Occidental, consecutively next to the Pacific coast and with the city of Cali, the Cordillera Central, in succession linking the Cauca and Magdalena river valleys and incorporating the cities of Medellin, Manizales, Pereira and Armenia, and the Cordillera Oriental, widening north east to the Guajira Peninsula and counting Bogota, Bucaramanga and Cucuta. Colombia has a total area of about 1,138,910 sq km. It covers total land area of 1,038,700 sq km and water area of around 100,210 sq km.

Colombia Government

In 1991 the government of Colombia captured the contained by the structure of a presidential diplomat democratic republic as beginner in the Constitution. In agreement with the opinion of partition of authorities, regime is classified into three branches. They are the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. The President of Colombia leads the executive branch and is considered as the head of state and head of government. After him the regime has Vice President and the Council of Ministers. Every four years elections for regime are held. At the regional level administrative power is vested in department governors, municipal mayors and local administrators for minor administrative subdivisions, like corregidores or corregimientos. The lawmaking branch of administration is tranquil led by the governing body and the House of legislature. The 102-seat Senate is chosen nationally and the legislature are voted by every area and minority groups. Two months prior to the president the members of both houses are nominated. By the regional level the governmental division is symbolized by department assemblies and municipal councils. In the span of one year and five months after the presidential election, the local elections take place. The Supreme Court heads the official branch. It includes 23 judges which are further separated into three chambers. The 3 chambers are Penal, Civil and agrarian, and Labour. The official branch is head by, consisting of 23 judges divided into three chambers (Penal, Civil and Agrarian, and Labour). The legal branch in addition has incorporated with the committee of State, which has unique liability for managerial commandment and also offers legal guidance to the administrative, the Constitutional Court, in charge for swearing the honesty of the Colombian constitution, and the better commission of Judicature, guilty for inspecting the judicial branch. Colombia functions with a structure of civil law. From the year 2005 it has been functional throughout an adversarial system.

Colombia Parks

The protected regions of Colombia are coordinated in the National System of Protected Areas. . Colombia has around 58 natural national parks. The parks in Colombia extend to an area of nearly 12,579,081 ha. It holds around 10% of the country's continental land. The National System of Protected Areas consists of four extensive groups. They are National protected areas, Regional protected areas, Local protected areas, Private protected areas. Colombia is a very attractive nation. Colombia is a wondrously attractive country. Situated where it is, in the northwest corner of South America, spanning the link to Central America and facing both the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, the country is divided perpendicularly by two mountain variety and includes snow-clad Andean peaks, abundant jungles and enormous numbers of flora and fauna. It is a nation's affluent in natural possessions. It is possibly recognized it enhancing as a basis of cocaine in a nation ragged by rival rebel factions, drug traffickers, kidnappers and assassins. Few parks are located in the remote areas, and are presented in their natural condition. Many parks are situated along the coasts which are preferential goals and well preserved. Colombia is also well known for its urbanized wildlife sanctuaries like the Sanctuario de Flora y Fauna, the Los Flamencos Wildlife Sanctuary where pink flamingos occupy trivial water in the coastal lagoons and natural regions like Los Estoraques Natural Area where rock structures confine the imagination. Cueva de los Guacharos National Park is the oldest park of Colombia.

Colombia Economy

The severe domestic armed disagreement in Colombia's economy gradually increased. The country experienced a downturn in the year 1999 and the revival from that was elongated and aching. The economic growth is remarkable in the current years. The pact to the International Monetary Fund approximated, in 2007 Colombia's supposed GDP was US$202.6 billion which was considered as 37th in the world and fourth in South America. Familiar for procure control uniformity, GDP per capita stands at $7,968, introducing Colombia as 82nd in the world. Colombia has a liberated market economy with the foremost profitable and asset bonds to the United States. In 1990, the management of President Cesar Gaviria (1990-94) commenced economic liberalization or "apertura," with tax declining, fiscal deregulation, privatization of public sector projects, and implementation of a further moderate overseas trade rates. These strategies simplicity introduced limitations and unlocked the majority of sectors to overseas dealings, while agricultural goods continued to be confined. The Uribe organization wanted to uphold cautious economic plans and chased sturdy economic modifications counting tax, pension, and budget changes. A U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) learning illustrates that Colombian tax rates personal and corporate are between the highest in Latin America.